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Arts and Humanities
Schemes and Tropes
Terms in this set (40)
Similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses
Parallel elements that are similar in structure and in length
the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, often in parallel structure, to emphasize differences
Inversion of the natural or usual word order - to create emphasis or gain attention
insertion of some verbal unit in a position that interrupts the normal syntactical flow of the sentence - allows the author to add a comment or editorialize
placing side by side two coordinate elements, the second of which serves as an explanation or modification of the first.
omission of a word or words which are readily implied by the context
deliberate omission of conjunctions between a series of related clauses.
deliberate use of many conjunctions
repetition of initial consonant sounds
repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity
a rhetorical figure of repetition in which the same word or phrase is repeated in (and usually at the beginning of) successive lines, clauses, or sentences.
repetition of the same word or group of words at the ends of successive clauses - sets a rhythm and secures special emphasis (wwwww word, xxxxxx word, yyyyyy word)
repetition at the end of a clause of the word that occurred at the beginning of the clause (Word zzz yyyy xxxx word.)
repetition of the last word of one clause at the beginning of the following clause (Xxxx zzz yyyy word. Word sss tttt uuu vvv example. Example ddd eee ggggg etc.....)
arrangement of words, phrases or clauses in an order of increasing importance
Repetition of words in successive clauses in reverse grammatical order; produces an impressive turn of phrases typical of an aphorism (x y z; z, y, x)
reversal of grammatical structure in successive phrases or clauses, but not necessarily a strict reversal (literally means the "criss-cross" - like the letter X)
repetition of words derived from the same root
a comparison of two things without using the words "like" or "as"
a comparison of two things using the words "like" or "as"
a figure of speech in which a part is used to represent a whole (i.e. "all hands on deck")
A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated (i.e. crown for royality; pen for writers)
a play on words
Repetition of a word in two different senses.
use of words alike in sound but different in meaning
Use of a word understood differently in relation to two or more other words, which it modifies or governs
a trope in which one word, usually a noun or the main verb, governs two other words not related in meaning.
the substitution of one part of speech for another
substitution of a descriptive word or phrase for a proper name or of a proper name for a quality associated with the name.
concepts, animals, or inanimate objects are given human attributes or emotions
A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
deliberate use of understatement, not to deceive someone but to enhance the impressiveness of what is stated
rhetorical question (erotema)
asking a question, not for the purpose of eliciting an answer but for the purpose of asserting or denying something obliquely.
use of a word in such a way as to convey a meaning opposite to the literal meaning of the word
witty language used to convey insults or scorn
use of words whose sound echos the sense
the yoking of two terms that are ordinarily contradictory.
A statement that appears to be self-contradictory or opposed to common sense but upon closer inspection contains some degree of truth or validity.
Recommended textbook explanations
myPerspectives: American Literature, California (Volume 1)
myPerspectives: English Language Arts, California (Grade 9, Volume 1)
myPerspectives: English Language Arts, California (Grade 10, Volume 1)
SpringBoard English Language Arts: Grade 10
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