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Arts and Humanities
history of rock quiz 2
Terms in this set (38)
rock around the clock
by bill haley and his comets. a total hit, reaching #1 on all three billboard pop charts (best sellers, jukebox, and radio). a total white take on the blues. simple verse with introduction, verse based on 12 bar blues structure with the last verse altered slightly to create an ending. the lyrics employ a clock countdown. classic guitar solo without a single bent note.
Elvis Presley 1955. Cover of an R&B hit by Junior Parker. While Junior Parker's version imitates the chugging of a train (through the saxophone) and has a gloomy feel, Elvis's version gives the song a faster tempo and changes the lyrics to give more of a defiant, in control tone. The instrumental break after the third strophe allows "she's mine, all" to resonate in the listener's ears
Good Rockin' Tonight
Elvis Presley 1954. Originally an R&B song released by Roy Brown with an 8 bar intro that settles into a standard 12-bar progression. The bass line is primarily from Boogie Woogie and the saxophone places the song as a jump blues. Elvis's version is more stylized with his trademark gulps and hiccups and utilizes modified phrasing. Opens with an extended chorus four 4-bar sections, an 8 bar verse ending with the final 4-bars of the opening chorus, a 12 bar guitar solo, a 12 bar vocal riff on "we're gonna rock", 16 bar chorus, another 12 bar guitar solo, and then repeat of the 12 bar "we're gonna rock".
The song that helped to establish Elvis as a superstar. Simultaneously went to #1 on the pop, c&w and r&b charts.
elvis presley. simple verse and an abbreviated version of the 12 bar blues.
that'll be the day
Buddy Holly and the Crickets, contrasting verse-chorus form. reached #1 on the pop charts. uses refrain-frame form of maybellene by chuck berry. verses in pop song like eight bar phrases, but uses twelve bar I, IV, and V blues progression in the instrumental break.
not fade away
buddy holly. this song was later covered by the rolling stones. bo diddley beat.
buddy holly. acoustic guitars, modal (flat 7) and conventional harmonies alternate. folk song like quality resurfaces in music of the byrds, simon and garfunkel, bob dylan, beatles, etc.
all i have to do is dream
the everly brothers.AABA form with partial reprise. rockabilly. fuses the slow ballad feel of doo-wop with the eight-beat rhythm of rock, provides even more of a challenge to the "pop" stream as the soft rock ballad had wide appeal.
The Kingston Trio 1958. Indicates a folk revival in the mainstream pop market. Their version of the traditional Jamaican song "Tom Dula". simple verse-chorus, repeats the same 8-bar music for verses and choruses.
blowin' in the wind
Bob Dylan 1963, covered by Peter Paul and Mary. Folk genre.
will you love me tomorrow
The Shirelles were one of the first "girl groups". produced by Carole King and Gerry Goffin in the Brill Building. the subject matter was seen as "provocative" at the time as it addressed sexual intimacy from a woman's point of view. AABA form but the A is 16, not 8 measures. a straightforward rock rhythm with little rhythmic interplay.
be my baby
The Ronettes 1963. Utilizes Phil Spector's "wall of sound". Contrasting verse-chorus form. after 4 measures of intro, only lead voice for 8 bars. entry of back up voices in next 8 bars. the chorus is the hook of the song with the second verse/chorus being fuller.
save the last dance for me
The Drifters. Produced by Leiber and Stoller, and the use of studio production on their part to the further the message of the song is apparent. The Drifters were one of the most successful groups in the black sweet soul/ pop genre.
The Drifters, produced by Lieber and Stoller. Sparse texture suggests the loneliness of the down and out musician. Leaves a sense that the story is to-be continued.
Chubby Checker. Made a hit by him and Dick Clark in American Bandstand. A craze for the dance quickly developed and everyone across the country was doing it.
oh, pretty woman
Roy Orbison's biggest hit. His style was an infusion of blues, country, and rock. Remained #1 on the pop chart for three weeks in the fall of 1964. Tells a narrative.
let's go trippin'
Dick Dale and the Del-Tones. Cited as the FIRST surf record. The "wipeout" riff is present here.
Dick Dale and the Del-Tones. Appeared in Pulp Fiction and Domino's pizza advertisements. Features Dale's trademark rapid tremolo picking on the guitar set to a tune that had been a Greek pop standard in the 1940's.
The Surfaris. An example of the instrumental side of surf rock, utilizes the "wipeout" riff.
walk, don't run
The Ventures, Instrumental Surf Rock. Originally by Johnny Smith. Inspired by a cover in 1956 by Chet Atkins. Hit #2 on the Billboard Top 100, launched the band.
out of limits
The Ventures, but originally by the Markets. Instrumental surf rock. Twilight zone like intro, an example of the fascination with science fiction and horror surfacing in rock and roll.
The Beach Boys, but an obvious reworking of Chuck Berry's "Sweet Little Sixteen." Simple verse chorus form with each verse ending with "surfin' USA".
don't worry baby
The Beach Boys 1964, the B-side of "I Get Around." Rose as high as #24 on the charts
i get around
The Beach Boy's first number one hit.
King of Rock and Roll. Discovered by Marion Keisker, Sam Phillips' secretary. Encompassed many genres and styles:
Country blues and hillbilly music
Anglo-American folk music
Banjo and bluegrass guitar styles
Absorbed a lot from black and white gospel singing, rhythm and blues, pop, and even classical music
Did not write his own music, and was more of a song "stylist" in that sense.
His contract was sold by Phillips from Sun Records to RCA Records. This move signified the loss of what was regarded as "essential Elvis" but his career skyrocketed even further.
music that mixes bluegrass and country influences with those of black folk music and early amplified blues
ex: Elvis (Good Rockin' Tonight), Bill Haley
The practice of DJs taking bribes for record airplay. US congressional hearings took place. Alan Freed was convicted and put in jail. His career was over. There were major repercussions in the rock roll that followed with changes in programming policies taking place. Program managers now went by the Top 40 list (what was being played in juke boxes). The independence of the DJ was severely curtailed.
corporate, radio-friendly rock music that attempted to supplant an image of the poor white southern rockabilly star with a less threatening, clean cut middle class northern star.
Teen idols like Frankie Avalon, Bobby Rydell, and Fabian
Rock 'n' roll's vertical Tin Pan Alley. It was home to many pop-rock songwriting teams during the early 1960s. The business practices of Aldon Music provide an example of how the Brill production process worked. Songwriters would work all day writing new songs and once a song was selected by Aldon, it was then matched to the appropriate performing group. A professional producer organized the session and professional studio musicians would record it. This was a very methodical way of producing music, cranking out songs with machine like efficiency and precision.
Lieber and Stoller
famous songwriters and producers for Atlantic Records whose offices were in the Brill Building. White Jewish songwriters that were captivated by Black culture. Worked with The Coasters.
style of songs performed by African American musicians but that had crossover appeal; replaced doo wop. r&b with an orchestral backing
Apprenticed with Leiber and Stoller. The first "teen tycoon" of rock and roll. Supervised all aspects of production from songwriting to choice of performers and actual studio production. Known for the wall of sound. Produced numerous hits by the Crystals and Ronettes.
wall of sound
a production technique developed and popularized by Phil Spector that involved the use of large instrumental groups, liberal doses of reverb, and multi-track overdubbing
Began in 1958 with Kingston Trio's "Tom Dooley" and ended when Bob Dylan went electric in 1965. There was a debate over who was authentic and who went commercial. Audience was usually college age listeners. The music had populist characteristics.
A twentieth-century American folksinger and songwriter. His music, with its strong note of social protest, was especially popular during the 1960s, when he wrote songs such as "Blowin' in the Wind," "The Times They Are A-Changin'," and "Like a Rolling Stone."
A regional rock from California notable for high-register close harmony vocals and innovative guitar effects. Dick Dale is credited with the "invention" of the surf sound. Two sides of the genre: instrumental and groups.
Hosted by Dick Clark started airing in 1957, was a televised showcase of rock 'n' roll hits in which a live audience danced to recorded music. this spread of popularity of rock and made the host one of the best known figures among young Americans.
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