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Alexis de Tocqueville
one of two Frenchmen who came to the US to learn more about the American republic; wrote "Democracy in America", analyzing American character (racism, social tensions, etc.)
Five Civilized Tribes
an alliance of 5 civilized/Americanized Indian tribes, incl. the Cherokees and Choctaws; now a whitewashed minority
president during the 1820s; raised on the frontier, supported the South and disliked Indians; thought Indians should be subordinate to the states they lived in
Indian Removal Act
passed by Jackson in 1830, allowing him to exchange western land for (worse) eastern lands / negotiate treaties to take lands; unfair deals
Worcester v Georgia
court case in which the Cherokee thought they were an independent republic and had rights to their land; Georgia tries to take their lands
Trail of Tears
a path which most Indians were forced to take on foot, 800+ miles west, to settle in other lands and make room for the whites (mainly Cherokees)
the idea of a money, not trade, based economy; includes consumerism (ie the growth of cash crops)
costly, weak transport system, want for more markets
factors leading to the transportation revolution (3)
Gibbons v Ogden
Supreme Court case in which New York wanted a monopoly on the steamboat system, meaning they could set the prices; New York loses; Sup. Ct. uses a loose interpretation
a canal built by New York, connecting the Hudson River and Lake Erie; became an indispensable (in terms of trade, communication)
competition with world powers, cotton gin, tariffs, Transportation Revolution, unskilled workers
causes of Industrialization (5)
Waltham and Lowell Textile Mills
the first factories to produce a complete product; attracted young women (to educate males) with higher wages; bad conditions to cut costs; harsh working schedule
outwork, full-scale industry
another name for the cottage industry (entrepreneurs ship goods to families to complete; showed that industrialization in America wasn't ___________
middle-class workers who declined due to unskilled workers and factories; had to become businessmen to become really successful
the new name for (white) professionals, doctors, entrepreneurs, physicians, small merchants, and manufacturers
there were (many/not many) Americans who could be described as self-made, going from rags to riches
African Methodist Episcopal Church, Richard Allen
the first black-run Protestant denomination + its founder; created as a response to discrimination
the doctrine that men were superior in making money and governing, and women were superior in moral influence in the home
allegiance where authroity flows from the top down; subordinates identify with their superiors rather than their equals (ie a patriarchal family)
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