AP GOV #3
Terms in this set (37)
those who follow politics and public affairs carefully
secret ballot printed at the expense of the state
balancing the ticket
occurs when a presidential nominee chooses a vice presidential running mate who has different qualities in order to attract more votes for the ticket
election to choose candidates that is open to independents, and that allows voters to choose candidates from all the parties
local party meeting
party election to choose candidates that is closed to independents. Voters may not cross party lines.
the influence of a popular presidential candidate on the election of congressional candidates of the same party
characteristics of populations, e.g., race, sex, income.
election of an official directly by the people rather than by an intermediary group such as the Electoral College
election in which the people choose candidates for office
terms of office that have a definite length of time, e.g., two years for a member of the House.
scheduling presidential primary elections early (e.g., February or March) in an election year.
difference in voting patterns for men and women, particularly in the greater tendency of the latter to vote for Democratic presidential candidates
election in which the officeholders are chosen. Contrast with a primary election, in which only the candidates are chosen.
campaign contributions donated directly to candidates
set of beliefs about political values and the role of government
one is not registered with a political party. Independent learners tend to vote for candidates of one particular party, whereas pure independents have no consistent pattern of party voting
issue advocacy ads
ads that focus on issues and do not explicitly encourage citizens to vote for a certain candidate
election to choose candidates that is open to independents, and in which voters may choose candidates from any one party
a sense of affiliation that a person has with a particular political party
a list of positions and programs that the party adopts at the national convention. Each position is called a plank.
the widely shared beliefs, values, and norms that citizens share about their government
more votes than anyone else, but less than half, e.g., Clinton won a plurality (43%) of popular votes in 1992, but not a majority. Plurality elections such as those for Congress are won by the person with the most votes, regardless if he/she has a majority.
capacity to understand and influence political events
process in which one acquires his/her political beliefs
realigning ("critical") election
an election in which there is a long term change in party alignment, e.g., 1932.
an office that is extremely likely to be won by a particular candidate or political party
single member district system
system in which the people elect one representative per district. With a winner-take-all rule, this system strengthens the two major parties and weakens minor parties.
campaign contributions that are not donated directly to candidates, but are instead donated to parties
historically, the South voted solidly Democratic. However, the South is now strongly Republican: Bush carried every Southern state in 2000.
split ticket voting
Casting votes for candidates of one's own party and for candidates of opposing parties, e.g., voting for a Republican presidential candidate and a Democratic congressional candidate.
straight ticket voting
casting votes only for candidates of one's party
the right to vote
a delegate to the Democratic national convention who is there by virtue of holding an office
A Tuesday in early March in which many presidential primaries, particularly in the South, are held.
a state that does not consistently vote either Democratic or Republican in presidential elections
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