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Terms in this set (75)
The television "work-family" is made up primarily of images of:
Characters who develop a supportive community in the workplace.
The following describes a core concept often used in ideological criticism of media contents. What is it called? ➢ The elite's control of consensus and promotion of dominant ideologies in society ➢ Exercise of power through cultural leadership
Which kind of contemporary print ads present "foreigners" and Americans as equal?
International business ads.
According to Tricia Rose, the "hidden politics" of rap are
The claim by black youth to the right to use public space.
According to the text, why was there such a proliferation of Vietnam movies in the 1970s in the United States?
It was American society's ideological attempt to overcome the Vietnam syndrome..
News of the economy is primarily from which of the following perspectives?
Which of the following is not a common portrayal of family life in contemporary television?
Trash, lower middle class worldview.
The central concept that much ideological analysis revolves around is
Which of the following is not a dominant ideology of the United States?
Collectivism—dominant social ideology.
We identify conventional forms of image construction as "realist" because:
They mask the workings of the camera that creates the images.
Action-adventure films implicitly suggest that cultural difference:
Must be destroyed or incorporated.
Which of the following explanations about the historical development of advertising in the 20th century is true?
Ads were often a gateway to integrate society and erase differences among people..
________ is a system of meaning that helps define and explain the world and that makes value judgments about that world.
Major advertisements address audiences as:
Major advertisements address audiences as:
Which of the following is considered the major ideology present in the original rap music of the 1980s?
A revolt against an unjust social system.
Who is the scholar who introduced the idea of hegemony
Which of the following is not a common ideological criticism of contemporary advertising?
Ads promote a worldview that stresses the community and the public life..
Which of the following is not the common ideology implicit in Hollywood action movies?
Ideology of radicalism.
Ideological analysis of media focuses on:
The values and social definitions embedded in media images.
An example of the incorporation of oppositional cultural forms is:
A Janis Joplin song selling Mercedes-Benz cars
Which of following is consistent with an ideological analysis of media?
Media representations help to define reality..
The "covert advertising" in women's magazines refers to:
Editorial advice columns
Which of the following best describes the definition of ideology?
Ideology is the realm of taken-for-granted thoughts and ideas in circulation that reflect the power dynamics at work in a society..
Consumer ideology suggest that social problems:
Are personal problems that can be solved by buying the right product.
The realm where hegemony operates include the following except:
Family-based situation comedies on television are overwhelmingly based in:
When the civil rights movement influenced the media to treat African Americans more seriously in film and television, this was an example of:
Human agency affecting social structure
Overall, media portrayals of women, racial minorities, and gays and lesbians:
Are less blatantly stereotypical than in the past
Traditionally, the most common type of media analysis has examined media:
American society as portrayed in the media:
Is wealthier than it is in the real world
Racist images in popular media have:
Become less blatant over the years
Which of the following is not a common stereotype of blacks in early media (early 20th century)?
Compared to in the United States, underrepresentation of women in media in other countries is generally:
Similar or worse
Which of the following is not true about "alternative media"?
It promotes dominant ideologies.
Compared to 25 years ago, media portrayals of women today:
Feature a wider variety of roles and images
Black characters on TV became commonplace--appearing in half of all dramatic television programs--by the end of the:
Which of the following is not a regular characteristic of economic news?
It regularly balances corporate and labor union analyses and commentary.
In his study of local news coverage, Entman argues that "modern racism" is:
More subtle than "traditional racism"
Which of the following is not a finding in Messner's study of gender in sports coverage?
Overall women are praised by announcers more often than men.
According to Nardi, many of the recent "positive" depictions of gay and lesbian television characters are:
Compared to middle-class fathers on TV sitcoms, working-class fathers are more likely to be portrayed as:
According to Puette, which of the following is not a common "lens" through which the media portrays labor unions?
Unions protect the interests of working people.
"Mammy," "Jezebel," "Sapphire" are common media stereotypes of __________.
Nearly all social scientists recognize that "race" is a:
Socially constructed concept whose meaning has changed over time
Which of the following is not a reason why researchers study media content?
Content may be the most difficult area in media studies.
Gay and lesbian characters begin appearing in more serious and realistic portrayals in the:
1980s and 1990s
Gray argues that portrayals of blacks on television are a bifurcated set of images due to the intervention of:
Entertainment media products, such as science fiction dramas:
Often include commentary on social conditions in the "real world"
The following are some statements about media and gender. Which of the following is not correct according to readings?
Today, women make up the majority of news executives and directors.
Up through the 1950s, portrayals of African Americans in films and on TV:
. Were either nonexistent or limited to stereotypical roles such as entertainers or servants
Which of the following seems to be the subject of the fewest number of studies?
Class and media
The Fairness Doctrine required that broadcasters address public issues of concern to the community and:
Provided opportunity for the presentation of contrasting points of view
Compared to most other industrialized nations, the United States has generally had _______ regulation of the media industry.
In the United States, ____________ is outlawed.
Digitization and fiber optics have:
Enabled the "convergence" of different media
To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive rights to their respective writings and discoveries.
The major ongoing debate about media regulation is:
What kind of government regulation should exist
Pornographic material is illegal to:
Sell to minors
Which of the following is not a common characteristic of the early broadcasting systems in Europe?
They were not subject to government regulation.
The First Amendment was originally designed for:
The print media only
So-called radio pirates have faced legal troubles because they:
Operate without federal licenses
is the chief media and communication regulatory body called in the United States?
FCC (Federal Communications Commission)
Government has regulated broadcast media differently than print media primarily because broadcast media:
Signals use scarce public airwaves
Which of the following government regulations clearly benefits the media industry?
Broadcast license requirements
The phrase "Congress shall make no law . . . abridging the freedom of speech or of the press" is from the:
First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
In the early years of broadcasting, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) was an example of a(n):
State monopoly broadcast system
This landmark media regulation eased media ownership requirements so that big media businesses could flourish. What is this regulation called?
The Telecommunications Act (1996)
Motion picture ratings, television content ratings, and "explicit lyric" CD warning labels are examples of:
Conservatives often support regulations that:
Restrict media content on moral grounds
The Telecommunications Act of 1996:
Eased restrictions on media ownership
The five commissioners on the FCC are:
Appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate
One of the arguments about the media that "free market" advocates usually make is:
Consumers have the ultimate power to tune in or buy media products
One of the myths about government regulation of the media is that:
The media industry generally opposes all forms of government intervention.
In recent years, the U.S. military has considered information to be "sensitive," and thus subject to censorship, if it:
Could endanger U.S. troops or negatively affect troop morale
The government regulation forcing networks to buy programming from independent producers is called _______.
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