63 terms

EZ: Procedures, safety, hand washing, PPE, PASS, catheter placement, urethra lengths, nosocomial infections, xerostoma (dry mouth). CA LVN LPN NCLEX Nursing.

Procedures, safety, hand washing (times & antimicrobial agents), fire extinguisher, greeting, surgical garments (gloves, masks, protocol, procedures), sterile object protocol, nosocomial infection, inches (catheter placement, urethra lengths, sterile package), catheter insertion and securing, xerostoma (dry mouth). Please look for my entire 'EZ' series to help you in your studies.
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This is the amout of time req'd to wash your uncontaminated hands:
10-15 seconds.
This is the amount of time req'd to wash your contaminated hands:
2 mins.
This is a microbial agent used when washing hands:
Chlorhexedine gluconate (CHG)
This is a microbial agent used when washing hands:
Hibeclens
This is the purpose of handwashing:
To prevent the spread of microorganisms.
This is the most imporant way to prevent spreading microorganisms:
Handwashing
This is the prime mechanism in preventing infection:
Hand washing.
This is the main cause of the spreading of infections:
The lack of proper hand washing.
When this occurs, it is essential to wash your hands:
When your hands are visibily soiled.
When this occurs, it is essential to wash your hands:
Before caring for a patient.
When this occurs, it is essential to wash your hands:
After caring for a patient.
When this occurs, it is essential to wash your hands:
Before and after caring for a patient.
When this occurs, it is essential to wash your hands:
The moments in between caring for patients.
When this occurs, it is essential to wash your hands:
Before, after, and in between caring for patients.
Fire Extinguisher/P.A.S.S. The first step "P" stands for:
'Pull'. Pull the pin.
Fire Extinguisher/P.A.S.S. The second step "A" stands for:
'Aim'. Aim at the base of the fire.
Fire Extinguisher/P.A.S.S. The third step "S" stands for:
'Squeeze'. Squeeze the handle.
Fire Extinguisher/P.A.S.S. The fourth step "S" stands for:
'Sweep'. Sweep side to side.
This is done to reduce anxiety:
Introduce yourself as you approach the Patient.
Do this when approaching a patient before a procedure:
Introduce yourself.
This is how to hold sterile objects:
Above waist level.
The amount of time a surgical mask may be worn:
20-30 mins.
Surgical masks may only be worn 20-30 mins because:
Moisture builds & makes it ineffective against maintaining sterility.
This infection a patient acquires from being in the hospital:
Nosocomial infection.
This is a site for a nosocomial infection:
The respiratory tract.
This is a site for a nosocomial infection:
The urinary tract.
This is a site for a nosocomial infection:
The blood stream.
This is a site for a nosocomial infection:
Surgical wounds.
This is a site for a nosocomial infection:
Traumatic wounds.
This is the length of the female urethral canal in inches:
1in. - 1.5 in.
This is the length of the femeal urethral canal in cm:
3 cm - 4 cm.
This is the number of inches in which to insert a urinary catheter in a female:
2 in.- 3 in.
This is the number of cm in which to insert a urinary catheter into a female:
5 cm - 7.5 cm.
This is the number of inches in which to insert a urinary catheter in a male:
6 in - 10 in.
This is the number of cm in which to insert a urinary catheter in male:
15 cm - 25 cm.
A female's catheter securement location:
To the thigh.
A male's catheter securement location:
To the abdomen.
Rationale for securing a catheter to the abdomen of a male:
It straightens the angle of the penoscrotal junction & reduces pressure on the urethra.
PPE stands for:
Personal protective equipment.
PPE items:
Gloves, Gown, Mask.
PPE donning order:
1) Gown 2) Mask/respirator 3) Goggles/faceshield 4) Gloves last.
PPE removal order (#1):
1) Gloves first. 2) Mask 3) Gown
PPE removal order (#2):
1) Gloves first. 2) Goggles 3) Gown 4) Mask/Resp (because removing the gown tosses bacs into the air).
This is how to don gloves:
While pulling it onto the hand, the inside of the gloves is touched first.
This part of a trach is removed & cleaned every 2-4 hrs:
Inner cannula.
This is how often an inner trach is removed and cleaned:
Q 2hrs - 4hrs.
This is what is used to clean an inner trachea:
Hydrogen peroxide.
A patient shows knowledge of xerostoma cleaning when he states he will clean his mouth with:
Hydrogen peroxide.
The definition of xerostoma is:
Dry mouth.
Xerostoma (dry mouth) occurs d/t:
Age
Xerostoma (dry mouth) occurs d/t:
Some medications
Xerostoma (dry mouth) occurs d/t:
Radiation treatment of the head & neck.
Xerostoma can lead to:
Rampant tooth decay in older adults.
This assessment of the oral cavity is done before radiation therapy of the head or neck:
Xerostoma.
These interventions of the oral cavity are done before radiation therapy of the head or neck:
Restorative dental procedures.
Xerostoma:
"Dry mouth."
Xerostoma: An artificial saliva substitue such as this is used:
'OralBalance' gel.
Xerostoma: An artificial saliva substitue such as this is used:
'Salivart' solution.
Xerostoma: An artificial saliva substitue such as this is used:
'Salix' lozenges.
Sterile package: The distance of the sterile border is:
1 inch.
The distance one cannot touch from the edge in a sterile package:
1 inch.
When opening a sterile package, maintain this distance from the edge:
1 inch.
To maintain sterility, maintain this distance from the edge of a sterile package:
1 inch.