14 terms

Science Vocab

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Ph
The measure of acidity or basicity of a solution
Proton
A particle of an atom located inside the nucleus that carries a positive charge
Radiation
The process energy particles travel through a medium or space
Reactant
Any substance that undergoes a chemical change in a given reaction
Solid
The state of matter characterized by resistance to deformation and changes of
volume
Solubility
The ability of a given substance to dissolve in a liquid
Solute
A substance which is dissolved within a solution
Solvent
A substance that dissolves another to form a solution
Sublimation
A change in state or phase whereby a substance moves from solid to gas
phase without going through liquid phase
thermal energy
The movement of atoms and molecules in matter. It is a form of
kinetic energy produced from the random movements of those molecules. Thermal
energy of a system can be increased or decreased.
Trait- A distinguishing characteristic or quality
Volume
The amount of the three-dimensional space enclosed within or occupied by an
object, geometric solid, etc
Acid
Having a pH value of less than 7
Base
Having a pH value of more than 7
Boiling point
The temperature at which a liquid becomes a gas. The boiling point changes as
pressure changes.