43 terms

AP Human Geography Culture

BHS Weatherley 2010-2011
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Terms in this set (...)

Artifact
Any item, made by humans, that represents a material aspect of culture
Built environment
The man-made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging in scale from personal shelter to neighborhoods to the large-scale civic surroundings.
Cultural convergence
The contact and interaction of one culture to another.
Cultural/environmental perception
The concept that people of different culture will definitely observe and interpret their environment and make different decision about its nature, potentiality and use.
Cultural landscape
Modifications to the environment by humans, including the built environment and agricultural systems, that reflect aspects of their culture
Cultural realm
The entire region throughout which a culture prevails. Criteria that may be chosen to define culture realms include religion, language, diet, customs, or economic development.
Cultural hearth
Locations on earth's surface where specific cultures first arose.
Cultural trait
The specific customs that are part of the everyday life of a particular culture, such as language, religion, ethnicity, social institutions, and aspects of popular culture.
Cultural region
a region defined by similar culture traits and cultural landscape features.
Custom
Practices followed by the people of a particular cultural group.
Folk culture (folkways)
Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
Food attraction
Reasons certain culture/region eat certain types of food.
Habit
a repetitive act that a particular individual performs.
Material culture
The physical manifestations of human activities; includes tools ,campsites, art, and structures. The most durable aspects of culture
Popular culture
Dynamic culture based in large, heterogeneous societies permitting considerable individualism, innovation, and change; having a money-based economy, division of labor into professions, secular institutions of control, and weak interpersonal ties; and producing and consuming machine-made goods.
Possibilism
The theory that the physical may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
Taboo
a restriction on a behavior imposed by a social custom.
Uniform Landscape
the spatial expression of a popular custom in one location that will be similar to another.
Relocation diffusion
sequential diffusion process in which the items being diffused are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and relocate the new ones
acculturation
when one group of people adopt the culture traits of another culture
cultural assimilation
the process whereby a minority group gradually adopts the customs and attitudes of the prevailing culture
commodification
The process through which something is given monetary value. Commodification occurs when a good or idea that previously was not regarded as an object to be bought and sold is turned into something that has a particular price and that can be traded in a market economy.
cultural appropriation
sociological concept which views the adoption or use of elements of one culture by members of a different culture as a largely negative phenomenon
cultural adaptation
new people adapt to the culture of the previously existing people
immaterial culture
The beliefs, practices, aesthetics, and values of a group of people
Culture
material traits, customary beliefs, and social forms that together constitute the distinct tradition of a group of people.
Why are places similar
Globalization, Placelessness and Migration.
Migration
Usually people travel to bring their culture with them.
Distance decay
Distance is going to foster differences in cultural traits
Social forms
ethnicity and political institutions
Folk culture
Has a hearth that is unidentifiable, homogenous, has a small distribution, diffuses very slowly if it diffuses
Homogenous
one type of group of people will do this, as a small distribution, diffuses very slowly if it diffuses
Material culture
tangible things that apply to their culture
Non-material culture
ideals or aesthetics that apply to their culture
Cultural Possibilism
an environment influences but does not strictly determine elements of a culture
Culture Trait
one single attribute of a culture
Culture Complex
many culture traits together. Not just random things, but also the intangible
Cultural Barrier
something that prohibits the interaction of two cultures
Cultural integration
when all aspects of a society become interwoven into the dominant culture
Syncretism
fusion of two distinctive cultural traits that morph into one new hybrid trait.
Challenges the Amish face of sustaining their folk culture
The price of land is very expensive now, forcing the Amish to sell their land and incorporated themselves into society. Tourists come to their communities because there are curious as to how they live
Pollution of landscapes
Pollution of landscapes is when the landscape is polluted by modifying it with little regard to the local environment conditions.
Example of popular culture creating uniformed landscapes.
For example when a fast food restaurant creates it great logo, they plaster it all over their products. If this restaurant food is distributed nationally, then this restaurant will be in many interstate exits with that logo for that company.

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