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Terms in this set (60)
A person who learns about the human past by studing fossils and artifacts
"New Stone Age"; About 10,000 years ago marked by advances in the production of stone tools. Shift from hunting and gathering to agriculture
the first period of the Stone Age, called the Old Stone Age, from about 2 million years ago to around 8000 B.C.E.
a period of human culture between the Stone Age and the Iron Age, characterized by the use of weapons and implements made of bronze
Greece is made up of
a mountainous peninsula and many small islands
The Greek word for city-state
Who won the Peloponnesian War?
Alexander the Great was the king of
One of the greatest cities that Alexander founded, became center of trade and learning, greatest library in the world.
How old was Alexander when he became king?
20 years old
Alexander the Great died in
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
The two most powerful officials in Rome
Powerful landowners who controlled Roman government and society
this Roman contribution delt mostly with the rights of Roman citizens; one belief was that it should be fair and equal to all people
Rome's first code of laws
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337)
A religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus
first Roman emperor
the eastern portion of the Roman empire; lasted 1000 years after the fall of Western Rome
A Germanic tribe that rebelled against Rome in A.D. 378
The Eastern Roman Empire became known as
German leader who ousted the emperor in Rome
Justinian's Code of Laws
(529) Emperor Justinian collected all existing Roman laws and organized them into a single code.
A long series of wars between Christians and Muslims in Southwest Asia
Capital of the Ottoman Empire; named this after 1453 and the sack of Constantinople.
Justinian dreamed of restoring _________
the glory of ancient Rome
Berbers traveled by
The city of Mecca
Is the birthplace of Muhammad, was founded by the Umayyad clan, is located near the Red Sea coast
First caliph of Islam after the death of Muhammad
Prophet of Allah
the bishop of Rome, head of the Roman Catholic Church
authority of medieval popes over all secular rulers
Nomadic groups that invaded the Roman Empire from the North and East. They caused the fall of Rome.
Charles the Great
Charlemagne's empire, from about 770 to 814
the revival of learning and culture
Charlemagne was crowned emperor of the
A political and social system based on the granting of land in exchange for loyalty, military assistance, and other services
exchange of pledges between lords and vassals
King, Nobles, Knights, Peasants
In feudal Europe, a person who controlled land and could therefore grant estates to vassals
A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.
The capital of Florida is:
The capital of the United States is:
The Sunshine State
Largest ocean in the world
largest continent in the world
smallest continent in the world
smallest ocean in the world
How many continents are there?
7 Continents: Europe, Africa, South America, North America, Asia, Oceania (Australia and Pacific Islands), and Antarctica.
How many oceans are there?
5 Oceans: Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Southern Ocean, and the Arctic Ocean.
What ocean would you cross if you traveled from New York to Europe?
Which ocean does not border North America?