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Terms in this set (83)

VITAMIN C:
-also known as ascorbic acid
-ANTIOXIDANT
-Helps with healing wounds and maintaining structure of blood cells
-deficiency results in scurvy and anemia
-Produces collagen
-Food sources: fruits and vegetables

VITAMIN B1 (THIAMIN):
-Releases energy from carbs & amino acids
-Integrity of nerve and muscle tissue
-Found in Pork, Whole Grains, Cereal, Enriched Grains and Pasta, Beans, Milk, Peanuts/Seeds, Orange Juice, Organ Meats

VITAMIN B2 (RIBOFLAVIN):
-Helps with the release of Energy from foods.
-Found in Milk, enriched bread, Cereal, Pasta.

VITAMIN B3 (NIACIN):
-Can be synthesized from Tryptophan (essential amino acid)
-Helps release energy from macronutrients and synthesis of fatty acids.
-Found in red meat, dairy products, nuts, seeds, bananas, tuna, shellfish, turkey, soy

VITAMIN B5 (PANTOTHENIC ACID):
-Involved in Synthesis of
----Lipids.
----Steroid Hormones.
----Neurotransmitters.
----Hemoglobin
-Easily destroyed in food processing

VITAMIN B6:
-has seven forms
-converts one amino acid into another
-helps convert tryptophan into niacin (B3)
-synthesis of glucose and other lipids
-important in the production of serotonin from tryptophan, and in hemoglobin synthesis
-Food sources: meats, baked potatoes, bananas, broccoli, spinach, watermelons, salmon, and navy beans.

VITAMIN B7 (BIOTIN):
-Aids in:
----Fatty Acid Synthesis
----Breakdown of Amino Acids
----Glucose production.
-Found in Liver, soy, fish, beans, whole grains.

VITAMIN B9 (FOLATE):
-helps with cell division and developing the central nervous system
-Found in orange juice, leafy greens, organ meats, beans, sprouts, veggies, cereal, breads.

VITAMIN B12:
-found only in animal products.
-Converts Folate Coenzymes into active form.
-Amino Acid Metabolism
-Bone Metabolism
-Synthesis of DNA
-Found in-Milk, Cheese, poultry, seafood, meat, cereals, soy.