106 terms

EZ. Eye Disorders flashcards for the Partial Idiot #5. Meds, treatments, contraindications, Glaucoma, Retinopathy, Miotic/Mydriatic, Pilocarpine, Flourescein dye. Nursing, CA LVN NCLEX free online study guide.

This set emphasizes disorders of the Eye & the meds, treatment, contraindications, etc. Ptosis, Aphakia, types of Glaucoma, Retinopathy, Eye disorders risk factors, Timolol, Beta Blocker, Atropine, Mydriatic, Pilocarpine, Flourescein dye, Trabeculoplasty, LVN LPN RN NCLEX study questions/review.
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This is the initial treatment for a splash injury to the eye:
Normal saline irrigation
Drooping of the upper eyelid is called this:
Ptosis
Absense of the crystalline lens is called this:
Aphakia
The most common ocular damage secondary to DM is:
Diabetic Retinopathy
This med is used to paralyze the ciliary muscle during an eye exam:
Cycloplegic
Obstruction in eye channel outflow l/t increased intraocular pressure causes this:
Glaucoma
This is one risk factor of Glaucoma:
Over 40 y.o.
This is one risk factor of Glaucoma:
African American
This is one risk factor of Glaucoma:
Diabetes
If untreated, Glaucoma will:
Damage the optic nerve.
If untreated, Glaucoma will:
L/t an increase in intraocular pressure.
If untreated, Glaucoma will:
Cause blindness d/t pressure and nerve damage.
Impaired vision/loss of peripheral vision before loss of central vision can occur in:
Glaucoma
This med is used to trt Chronic Open Angle Glaucoma:
Timolol
Timolol, the Chronic Open Angle Glaucoma med, is categorized as a:
Beta Blocker
A Beta Blocker med that is used to trt Chronic Open Angle Glaucoma is:
Timolol
Timolol can be used to treat:
Ocular hypertension
Timolol can be used to treat:
Chronic Open Angle Glaucoma
This category of Glaucoma med lowers IOP:
Miotics
This category of med constricts the pupils in Glaucoma Pts:
Miotics
This category of med increases aqueous outflow in Glaucoma Pts:
Miotics
These meds constric pupils l/t increasing aqueous outflow l/t reduced IOP:
Miotics
This category of meds causes pupils to dilate:
Mydriatics
This type of med is contraindicated in Narrow Angle Glaucoma:
Mydriatics
This med is a Mydriatic:
Cyclogel
Cyclogel is a:
Mydriatic
Cyclogel causes pupils to dilate. It is a:
Mydriatic
This med blocks the beta receptors in the ciliary epithelium:
Timolol
The Beta Blocker, Timolol, is contraindicated in:
Bronchospasms and COPD
Timolol is also known as:
Timoptic, Betimol, APO-Timolol
Systemic side effects of oral Timolol:
Hypertension, hypotension, bradycardia
This med is used to constrict the pupil:
Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic
This med is a cholinergic agonist and it is used to constrict the pupil:
Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic
This med contains epinepherine:
Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic
This pupillary constriction med contains epinepherine and is a cholinergic agonist:
Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic
Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic is a cholinergic:
agonist
This med is used for Open Angle Glaucoma:
Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic
Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic do this to the pupils:
Constrict them
This is when Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic is applied:
At bedtime (1x/day)
This med is an opthlamic gel used to trt Open Angle Glaucoma:
Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic
This procedure is done to Pts w/Glaucoma:
Trabeculoplasty
This procedure is a non penetrating thermal burn that improves aqueous humor outflow:
Trabeculoplasty
A Trabecuoplasty procedure:
Is a non penetrating thermal burn in the eye.
A Trabecuoplasty procedure:
Improves aqueous humor outflow in the eye in Glaucoma Pts.
Aqueous humor outflow in Glaucoma patients can be improved w/this procedure:
Trabeculoplasty
This is a common visual impairment associated with ppl over 40 y.o.:
Cataracts
This is a common visual impairment associated with ppl over 40 y.o.:
Glaucoma
This is a common visual impairment associated with ppl over 40 y.o.:
Diabetic Retinopathy
This is a common visual impairment associated with ppl over 40 y.o.:
Macular Degeneration
This med is an eye drop that causes the pupils to constrict to increase the circulation of aqueous humor:
Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic
This eye drop med is a direct acting miotic:
Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic
This eye drop med has an epinepherine base:
Pilocarpine, Pilocar, Piloptic
The purpose of constricing the pupils is to:
Increase circulation of aqueous humor.
Pilocarpine: Is it a direct acting or an indirect acting miotic eye drop?
Direct acting
This eye drop med is used post injury to examine corneal damage:
Flouresein dye
After using this wash the eye with eye wash care or sterile saline:
Flouresein dye
This eye drop dye is used to visualize eye injury:
Flouresein dye
This can be used to flush the eye after using Flouresein dye:
Eye wash care
This can be used to flush the eye after using Flouresein dye:
Dunno.
Damage to the cornea of the eye necessitates the use of:
Flouresein dye
Flouresein dye is used to assess damage to this part of the eye:
The cornea
Teach Pts this after cataract surgery:
Wear protective eye shield while sleeping or napping for 1 wk after surgery.
Teach Pts this after cataract surgery:
Wear sun shades to help protect the eye in bright light.
Teach Pts this after cataract surgery:
Avoid strenuous activity and heavy lifting (over 25 lbs).
Teach Pts this after cataract surgery:
Avoid bending over.
Teach Pts this after cataract surgery:
Avoid exercising and similar activities which may stress the eye while it is healing.
Teach Pts this after cataract surgery:
Avoid getting constipated.
This is a sign of macular degeneration:
Loss of central vision.
Atropine is a:
Cycloplegic
This med is a Cycloplegic:
Atropine
This med temporarily paralyzes the accomodation reflex:
Atropine
This med is used during opthalmoscopic exams to better visualize the retina:
Atropine
This disease is a painless & gradual loss of peripheral to central vision:
Open Angle Glaucoma
This disease is a gradual loss of peripheral to central vision:
Open Angle Glaucoma
Bright flashes of light across the field of vision is:
A detached retina
The eye condition which contributes to a detached retina is:
Nearsightedness/Myopia
Nearsightedness is:
Myopia
Myopia is:
Nearsightedness
MySELF (myopia) is:
Near ME! (Nearsightedness).
Intervention: In Pt w/detached retina:
Bandage both eyes (to prevent mvmt of either eye).
Safety/Teaching: In Pt w/detached retina:
Discourage coughing (it leads to high ICP)
Eye S/S of Cocaine OD:
Dilated pupils
Eye S/S of Morphine OD:
Miosis (pin point pupils)
Eye S/S of Morphine use:
Pupils are equally constricted and pin point.
The name of the eye test chart on the wall is:
Snellen Test
Normal vision is:
20/20
Parameter for "Legally blind":
20/200
Safety: Pt who has been newly diagnosed as being legally blind:
Have a home assessment done prior to discharge.
A Pt who has been newly diagnosed as being legally blind needs this:
Psychological support
This is described as a shadow/curtain falling across the field of vision:
Detached retina
Intervention: A Pt w/MS has diplopia:
Apply eye patch to one eye.
Isopto-Atropine is also called this:
Atropine Sulfate
This med is used in a diagnostic exam of the eye:
Isopto-Atropine/Atropine Sulfate opthalmic drops
Use of this eye med is contraindicated in Pts w/Narrow Angle Glaucoma:
Isopto-Atropine/Atropine Sulfate opthalmic drops
This eye med is a Mydriatic (causing pupil dilation):
Atropine
Mydriatic meds do this:
Cause pupil dilation
S/E of Isopto-Atropine/Atropine Sulfate opthalmic drops:
Blurry vision
S/E of Isopto-Atropine/Atropine Sulfate opthalmic drops:
Mouth dryness
S/E of Isopto-Atropine/Atropine Sulfate opthalmic drops:
Tachycardia
Cyclogel/Cyclopentolate is this type of med:
Mydriatic
Cyclogel/Cyclopentolate can cause this S/E:
Blurry vision
Cyclogel/Cyclopentolate can cause this S/E:
Photophobia
Cyclogel/Cyclopentolate can cause this S/E:
Mouth dryness
Cyclogel/Cyclopentolate can cause this S/E:
Tachycardia
Cyclogel/Cyclopentolate can cause this S/E:
A burning sensation when instilled into the eye.
A Pt may return to work after this many days following a Trabeculoplasty procedure:
1-2 days.
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