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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
history quiz 10/26
Terms in this set (26)
After the passage of the "Tariff of Abominations" in 1828, which South Carolina politician advocated "nullification" and stated that the South should ignore any law that favored the North?
John C. Calhoun
Which of these political issues caused the MOST division in Washington, DC, as the United States' population expanded westward in the 19th century?
the expansion of slavery into newly acquired territories
· Triggered the "Panic of 1857" and resulted in several railroad bankruptcies and bank closures.
· Strengthened pro-slavery and secessionist support in the south.
· Made the question of extending slavery into new territories an unstable issue.
· Divided the Democratic Party on sectional lines and strengthened the Republican Party.
These statements are describing the effects of the Supreme Court's decision in
Dred Scott v. Sandford
Which BEST describes a result of the Supreme Court's decision in the Dred Scott case?
A slave was not a citizen but rather the property of an owner.
The event MOST LIKELY occurring due to the 1860 presidential election of Lincoln was
the secession of South Carolina from the Union.
In February of 1861, the seven seceded states met in Montgomery, Alabama, to
found the Confederate States of America.
The Dred Scott decision
encouraged slaveholder's resistance to abolitionist activists.
The case of Dred Scott v. Sandford (1856) is often called the Supreme Court's great 'self inflicted wound' because the decision
ruled slaves to be property and incapable of becoming citizens.
· repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820
· was created as a means of constructing a transcontinental railroad
· created two new states in the middle of the United States
· let the states decide whether or not to allow slavery
Which law is being described here?
Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
How did many free African Americans living in Northeastern United States become slaves during the Federalist period (1780s-1801)
They were kidnapped and sold back into slavery.
Which Supreme Court case would have had the BIGGEST impact on slaves in the United States?
Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)
Which event led directly to South Carolina's secession from the United States?
the victory of Abraham Lincoln in the Election of 1860
How did John Brown retaliate when Border Ruffians raided the antislavery town of Lawrence, Kansas by pillaging homes, burning down buildings and destroying the local newspapers?
John Brown and his sons executed five pro-slavery settlers in the middle of the night.
When the admission of new states threatened the balance of free and slave states in the Union, which Kentucky Senator drew up the "Missouri Compromise" in 1820?
·California was entered as a free state.
·New Mexico and Utah were to use popular sovereignty to decide the issue of slavery.
·The slave trade was abolished in the District of Columbia.
·A tough Fugitive Slave Act was enacted by the Federal Government.
All of these items are describing the
Compromise of 1850.
In 1860, the southern states would have been LEAST likely to
vote for Abraham Lincoln for President of the United States.
Which Supreme Court case raised the issue of a black slave who lived in a free state and questioned whether slaves were free once they set foot upon Northern soil?
Dred Scott v. Sandford
This law, which allowed territories to decide the fate of slavery based on popular sovereignty, unintentionally had the effect of increasing tensions between pro-slavery and antislavery forces as they rushed west and had violent clashes over control of territory. It was the
abolitionism were not ___ anywhere
"free soilers" opposed the expansion of slavery into the _____
free soilers were not
the election of 1860
country bitterly divided into sections
Abraham Lincoln wins only __% of votes
-Missouri requests admission as slave state
-Northern congressmen resist
compromise of 1850
-Cali a free state
people vote to decide
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