21 terms

Chapter 12 - Empires in East Asia (600-1350)

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Wendi
First emperor of the Sui (sway) Dynasty of China.
Grand Canal
Greatest accomplishment of Sui emperors. This 1,000 mile waterway provided a vital route for trade between the northern cities and the southern rice-producing region of the Chang delta.
Tang Taizong (600-649)
First emperor of Tang Dynasty.
Taizu
First emperor of Song Dynasty.
Important inventions of Tang and Song
movable type for printing of characters, gunpowder, porcelain, mechanical clock, paper money, use of magnetic compass for sailing, cultivation of new kinds of rice (to support population growth)
Two Tang poets
Li Bo (who wrote about life's pleasures) and Tu Fu (who praised orderliness and Confucian virtues). Tu Fu also wrote about war and the hardship of soldiers.
gentry
a class of powerful, well-to-do people made up of scholar-officials and their families.
foot binding
Chinese custom of binding the feet of upper-class girls, which would eventually break the arch and leave them crippled for life. This reflected the wealth and prestige of her husband who could afford a beautiful and impractical wife.
clans
Steppe nomads who traveled together in kinship groups who claimed to be descended from a common ancestor.
Genghis Khan (1162-1227)
Original name of Temujin who was a Mongol clan leader around 1200 who fought and defeated rivals. He accepted his title of Genghis Khan or "universal ruler" of the Mongol clans in 1206.
Pax Mongolica
Mongol Peace period (from mid-1200s to the mid-1300s) that reflected stability and law across much of Eurasia.
Kublai Khan (1215-1294)
Grandson of Ghengis Khan assumed the title Great Khan in 1260. Conquered China, became China's new emperor and founded the Yuan (yoo-ahn) Dynasty. United China for the first time in 300 years.
Marco Polo (1254-1324)
Venetian trader who visited China and experienced Chinese life and told his story of travel and adventure. Some question his existence.
Shinto
Japan's earliest religion that means "way of the gods." It was based on respect for the forces of nature and on the worship of ancestors.
kami
divine spirits that dwelled in nature that Shinto worshipers believed in.
samurai
means "one who serves." Was a bodyguard of loyal warriors to a war lord.
Bushido
means "the way of the warrior" and was a demanding code of behavior for samurais that showed reckless courage, reverence for gods, fairness and generosity toward the weak. Dying an honorable death was judged more important than living a long life.
Shogun
Supreme general of the Japanese emperor's army. Had powers of a military general.
Khmer (kmair) Empire
Main power on the Southeast Asian mainland (present day Cambodia).
Angkor Wat
World's largest religious structure built by Khmer rulers dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu.
Koryu Dynasty
Wang Kon gained control of Korea in 935 and began this Korean Dynasty that would last 450 years (935-1392).
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