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Johnson AP Chemistry Gas Law Test
Terms in this set (19)
What is Boyle's Law?
P1V1 = P2V2; as volume decreases, pressure increases - they are inversely related
What is Charles' Law?
V1/T1 = V2/T2;as temperature increases, volume increases - they are directly related
What is Guy-Lussac's Law?
P1/T1 = P2/T2; as temperature increases, pressure increases - they are directly related
an ideal gas wants a ____________ temperature and a _______________ pressure
high temperature, low pressure
how does a lighter gas move in comparison to a heavier gas?
the lighter gas moves faster than the heavier gas
According to the kinetic-molecular theory gases are composed of?
small particles with space between them
how are volume and pressure proportional?
a certain volume of gas is transferred from a large container to a very small one. what effect, if any, will this have on the density of the gas?
the density will increase
what type of collision loses no kinetic energy?
what is pressure exerted by an enclosed container caused by?
collisions of the gas particles with the walls of the container
when a gas is compressed at constant temperature, what happens to the pressure?
the pressure increases
when will water vapor not behave like an ideal gas?
low temperature and high pressure
as temperature increases, what happens to the pressure of a gas if volume is held constant?
the pressure increases
what type of attractive forces do gases of the kinetic molecular theory exert?
no attractive forces
what is density directly and inversely proportional to?
density is directly proportional to its molar mass and is inversely proportional to the temperature
How is temperature related to kinetic energy?
it is directly proportional to kinetic energy
is energy lost during elastic collisions?
what is the difference between real gases and ideal gases?
real gases - experience van der waals forces and experience friction
ideal gases - act as hard spheres and do not experience van der waals forces
at what temperature will a molecule with a great dispersion force condense?
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