Stress & Mental Illness

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A mental disorder is an ______ that affects the mind and prevents a person from being _____, adjusting to life situations, or getting along with ______

Illness, productive, others

Most mental disorders are characterized by _____ thoughts, feelings, or behaviors that make people ______ with themselves or at odds with others.

Abnormal, uncomfortable

The term abnormal is used to describe ____, feelings, or thoughts that are highly unusual and _____ in a given situation

Behavior, inappropriate

Washing your hands before ____ is considered normal behavior! washing your hands ____ _____ a day is considered abnormal

Eating, 100 times

When a mental disorder is present signs usually occur ____ and over a long period of time


______ a person as mentally I'll is difficult


It involves making a _______


Unlike a cold or the flu the signs of mental disorders are not always easy to _____


It is sometimes hard to tell if someone is ____ depressed or just appropriately sad


Since each person exists as a part of a particular ____ and culture, each persons ____ of mental illness is shaped by his or her culture, as well as by his or her family, community, and other ____

Society, ideas, experiences

A behavior or way of thinking that might be ___ normal in one culture may be considered abnormal in another ____

Considered, culture

Mental-health ___ do not always agree


They define and describe mental disorders and group them according to similar ____, which at the signs or evidence of an illness


Over ___ ___ of mental disordered are recognized

230 types

Although many ___ agree on the kinds of mental disorders there are still many different ____ about the causes

Experts, opinions

When the cause of a mental disorder is ____, the mental disorder is classified as an _____ disorder

Physical, organic

One common type of organic disorder is ____, an irreversible loss of brain function


People with dementia suffer from ____ loss, poor judgement, and mental confusion.


Dementia may occur when an individual has a growth, or ____, in use brain


____ drug or alcohol abuse can also lead to dementia


Mental disorders that cannot be _____ to physical causes are called ______ disorders

Diagnosed, functional

The exact cause of most functional disorders is ___ ____

Not understood

The factors can include _____ causes, early experiences, current causes, or a ______ of all three

Inborn, combination

Some mental disorders can be ____, just as physical characteristics are


Sometimes an ____ may inherit a tendency toward a disorder


The disorder may only become ____ when it is set off by events in the persons life, such as repeated physical ____ or other serious stressors

Apparent, abuse

Other mental disorders may bet eh result of ______ experiences that occurred early in life


You may recall ____ ____ believed that such early experiences are pushed into the ______ mind

Freud, who, unconscious

_______, according to Freud, can help a person connect to symptoms of a mental disorder with his or her early experiences and ______

Physco analysis, problems

Some mental-health specialists think that ____ experiences in a persons life are more important that early ____ experiences in bringing on a mental disorder

Relent, childhood

They consider significant ____ and people in he individuals current life when ____ the disorder

Events, treating

Sometimes the specialist may involve the persons family or ____ friends in the treatment program


______ is anxiety or fear that keeps a person rom functioning normally


______ is when someone has a perception of reality that is so distorted they cannot function in society at all


A _____ _____ is a brief description of a person who suffers from a ______ disorder.

Case history, particular

Although case histories focus on only a few symptoms of a disorder, those symptoms are usually the ____ common ones


Have you ever been ____ of a situation, person, or object that you knew could not really harm you?


_____ is fear that does not have a ____ source or fear caused by a danger that no longer exists

Anxiety, recognizable

Severe anxiety can cause people to ____ from situations or objects that cannot really harm them


____ experiences some anxiety at one time or another


For example you may feel anxious before an ____, a big date! or tryouts for the basketball team


These feelings are normal and usually ____-_____


When anxiety persists and interferes with normal, everyday functioning, it is a sign of a mental illness known as an ____ disorder


_____ is a reaction by your mind and body to threatening or challenging events


_____ are situations, events, or people that cause stress in oh our life


____ is positive stress which leads to growth and accomplishment


______ is negative stress which leads to health problems and will suppress the immune system


What causes stress?(5)

Major life changes
Physical surroundings
Everyday problems including unexpected events
Being worried about the future
Conflict with family, friends, or others

Physical signs of stress (10)

Muscle tension
Upset stomach
Pounding heart
Shortness of breath
Increased sweating
Dry mouth
Skin rash
Trembling or twitching
Grinding teeth, nail biting

Emotional signs of stress (10)

Irritability, anger
Inability to concentrate
Negative thinking
Excessive worry
Loss of interest
Increased crying

Behavioral signs of stress (10)

Loss of appetite
Drug abuse
Sleep problems
Hurrying, talking fast
Withdrawing from people or relationships
Criticizing others
Reckless behavior

The body's response to stress occurs in ____ stages


_____ stage: your body releases a substance known as adrenaline into your bloodstream


____ gives you a burst of energy and causes many other changes in your body


Your ____ begins to beat faster increasing the flow of blood to your ____

Heart, muscles

During the ____ stage the body tries to recover from the alarm of the first stage


Because the stressor still ____ the body cannot restore balance


Instead the body continues to _____ at a higher-than-normal ____

Function, level

During the _____ stage of the stress response the body is worn down and no longer has enough energy to ____ off the stressor

Exhaustion, fight

As your body's balance remains disturbed you become more ___ to illness


Your ability to make judgments and to interact with others is ____


In extreme causes the exhaustion stage can lead to ____ behavior, serious illness! or even ____

Unhealthy, death

____ is when your body and mind are stabilized and operating smoothly


___ is a hormone produced by the adrenal glands that is released in response to _____ or stress it causes heart rate, blood pressure, and ____ to increase

Adrenaline, fear (joy), breathing

_____ or _____ response: the body's natural reaction to a stressor

Fight, flight

____ believe that the fight or flight response was essential for ____ people who had to survive wild animals and other dangers

Scientists, primitive

When ____ with a challenge such as a difficult test your body ___ reacts with the same _____ changes

Faced, reacts

Mad lows hierarchy of needs (top to bottom)

Self actualization.
Esteem needs
Social needs
Safety needs
Basic physical needs

Late 1800s an Austrian physician named

Sigmund freud

Each persons personality is made up of three parts

The id the ego and the superego

The id-

Consists of biological urges such as hunger & thirst

The ego-

Is the thoughtful decision making part of the personality

The superego-

The part of the personality that judges right from wrong

Two levels of thought

Conscious and unconscious mind


Thoughts of which the person is aware

Unconscious thoughts

Thoughts of which a person is not aware

Birth to 18 months


18 months to 3 years

Toilet training

3 to 6 years


6 to 12 years


12 to 19 years


Young adulthood (20-40)

Love relationships

Middle adulthood (41-64)


Late adulthood (65-death)

Reflections on life

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