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10 terms

Social Studies 9

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King Charles 1
In 1625 he becomes king of England, he dismisses parliament when they oppose him. Had a very extravagent lifestyle. He persecuted the puritans and in 1628 wanted more taxes to fight with Scotland to force them into the Church of England. Parliament agreed but under one term, that he sign the Petition of rights which made it illegal to persecute or impression a puritan without reason. He agreed but dismissed it when he wanted taxes for 11 years. 1642 he needed money to protect England from invading Scotland, he had to accept meeting 3 times a year. He arrested 3 members of parliament and when Oliver Cromwell took over he was beheaded for treason. HS: started the British revolution.
William Laud
Archbishop of Canterbury under Charles I in England. He tried to force the Scottish to use the English Book of Common Prayer. He was later executed by Parliament during the English Civil War.
Lord Strafford
An adviser for Charles I who developed a list of money making schemes used to avoid recalling Parliament.
Oliver Crowell
He was the leader of the "new model army", he was a puritan who believed absolutly in parlaments cause.
Cavaliers
In the English Civil War (1642-1647), these were the troops loyal to Charles II. Their opponents were the Roundheads, loyal to Parliament and Oliver Cromwell.
Roundheads
Puritan supporters of Parliment, fighting the English Civil War from 1642-1649
Colonel Pride
the colonel pride was an amry that drove rebellions away from the king.
Royalists
A pro-monarchy group that formed in parliment
New Model Army
The disciplined fighting force of Protestants led by Oliver Cromwell in the English civil war.
Court of Star chamber
Established by Henry VII, the court enforced torture to be used to force nobles to confess for something.