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The Decline & Fall of the Roman Empire

Rome Chapter
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Aeneid
An epic poem written by Virgil in part about the founding of Rome.
Arch
Architectural feature used widely the Romans for buildings and bridging.
Bas-Relief
Sculpture in which the figures project only slightly from the background.
Byzantium
An ancient city on the Bosporus founded by the Greeks renamed Constantinople at the end of the Roman Empire.
Catholic church
Unifying institution in Western Europe at the collapse of the Roman Empire.
Constantine
Roman emperor (r. 312-337). After reuniting the Roman Empire, he moved the capital to Constantinople and allowed all religions to be practiced openly.
Constantinople
Previously known as Byzantium, Constantine changed the name of the city and moved the capitol of the Roman Empire here from Rome.
Diocletian
Roman emperor who divided the empire in two and oversaw the eastern part.
Dome
A roof shaped like a half-circle or hemisphere.
Economy
System by which goods and services are produced and distributed to meet people's needs.
Fresco
A mural done with watercolors on wet plaster.
Huns
Nomadic people from Asia who attacked the Roman Empire.
Inflation
Increased prices for goods and services combined with the reduced value of money.
Mosaic
Art consisting of a design made of small pieces of colored stone or glass.
Romance Languages
Any of the languages derived from Latin including Italian, Spanish, French, and Romanian.
Virgil
Classical Roman poet, author of Aenied
Visigoths, Angles, Vandals
Invading Germanic tribes into various parts of the Roman Empire.

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