24 terms

Ap Human Geography Ethnicity

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Apartheid
A South African policy of complete legal separation of the races, including the banning of all social contacts between blacks and whites.
Balkanization
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities. Yugoslavia is the best example.
Blockbusting
A process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at low prices because of fear that black families will soon move into the neighborhood.
Centripetal force
An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for their country.
Centrifugal force
A force that divides people within countries.
Ethnicity
A social division based on national origin, religion, language, and often race.
Ethnic cleansing
Process in which more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region.
Genocide
the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group.
Multiethnic State
A country that contains more than one ethnicity.
Multinational state
Country that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.
Nationality
Identity with a group of people that share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular place as a result of being born there.
Nation-state
A country whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
Racism
Belief that one race is superior to another.
Self determination
Concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves.
Ghetto
A section of a city where members of a minority group live due to social, legal or economic pressure
Barrio
Term commonly given to slums in big cities that are Spanish-speaking.
Stateless Nation
a political term for ethnic/national minority that does not possess its own state and is not the majority population in any nation state. An example are the Kurds.
ethnic enclave
A place with a high concentration of an ethnic group that is distinct from those in the surrounding area. An example is Chinatown.
ethnoburb
A suburban area with a cluster of a particular ethnic population.
nationalism
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
placemaking
capitalizes on a local community's assets, inspiration, and potential, with the intention of creating public spaces that promote people's health, happiness, and well being
race
A group of human beings distinguished by physical traits, blood types, genetic code patterns or genetically inherited characteristics.
sharecropper
A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.
Triangular Slave Trade
A practice, primarily during the eighteenth century, in which European ships transported slaves from Africa to Caribbean islands, molasses from the Caribbean to Europe, and trade goods from Europe to Africa.

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