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16 terms

Important People for Midterm #2

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Alexander Hamilton
Founded the federalist party, co-wrote "The Federalist" and championed in a strong central government. Believed in a great empire and a powerful federal government.
John Jay
Served as president of the Continental Congress, co-wrote "The Federalist" and served as the first Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
William Marbury
Sued James Madison for delivery of his commission which was being withheld by President Jefferson
John Marshall
Cheif Justice during the ruling of Marbury v. Madison
Thomas Jefferson
Leader of the Democratic-Republican Party. He wanted self-reliant individuals with a small government that protected rights.
Andrew Jackson
Seventh President of the U.S. He wanted a democracy with higher political involvement by the common man. He also vetoed the U.S. Bank's charter and made reforms in order to keep fed. government small.
Boss Tweed
A political machine famous for controlling nominations and gaining political office through illegal means.
Henry Clay
Founded the Whig Party.
Frederick Jackson Turner
American historian who wrote about the American Experience and what made it unique
Robert E. Lee
General of the Confederate Army during Civil War. He urged reconciliation with the North
Stephen A. Douglas
Ran against Lincoln, bell and Breckinridge for President in 1860. Also authored the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and heightened the slavery debate
Dred Scott
Slave who sued unsuccessfully for his freedom in 1857. Ruling of Dred Scott v. Stanford determined that slaves were property and could not be freed by state laws. The ruling essentially nullified the Missouri Compromise and contributed greatly to Civil War.
John Breckinridge
Senator from Kentucky who ran in the election of 1860. He was extreme pro-slavery.
John Bell
Wealthy slaveholder from Tennessee who ran in the election of 1860 with the Constitutional Union Party on a moderate pro-slavery platform.
Abraham Lincoln
16th President of U.S. Lincoln sought to end slavery and preserve the Union. He signed the Emancipation Proclamation and delivered the famous Gettysburg Adress
Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States

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