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Honors history chapter four
Terms in this set (55)
George Whitefield was a famous___
What was a tenant?
____ 's lives remainder tightly bound by a web of legal and cultural restrictions
What was the goal of New England settlers?
Provide a living for themselves and land for their children
Colonies in the Middle Colonies
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania
"Household mode of production"
Families swapped labor and goods
pioneer who settled on land they did not own
Who perpetrated one of the most infamous land frauds of the 18th century
The penn family
Walking Purchase of 1737
fraudulent purchase of Indian Land
T or. F the middle Atlantic colonies were a melting pot
How many religious dominations were there in the middle Atlantic colonies
12 or more
How stressed is DaNaylee
Wayyyyy too much
What kinda letter grade is DaNaylee taking
So low it really will be an L
How many waves of German immigrants were there
Freehold society in New England
A yeoman society of relatively equal landowning farm families
Freehold Society in Crisis
-As population grew, less land was available for children
-Farmers grew maize
-Eventually, New England focused on livestock
-do all house work (be good helpmates )
Keeping the household solvent and Independent: and being able to pass the ability to the next generation
How important was land ownership in New England society
Very; land was the most valuable thing you could own; it sat your social status
Reasons of land depletion
-farms being split for children
all people are equal, did not believe in war, and problems should be solved peacefully
Effects of cultural diversity on society and economics in New England colonies
This was a movement within Lutheranism that revived Protestantism that called for an emotional relationship, allowed for the priesthood of all believers, and the Christian rebirth in everyday affairs
A popular Enlightenment era belief that there is a God, but that God isn't involved in people's lives or in revealing truths to prophets.
American Revolutionary leader and pamphleteer (born in England) who supported the American colonist's fight for independence and supported the French Revolution (1737-1809) (wrote common sense)
Life, Liberty, and Property
A movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions.
American intellectual, inventor, and politician He helped to negotiate French support for the American Revolution.
A period of rapid growth in the speed and convenience of travel because of new methods of transportation.
Printing allowed for the broad transmission of new ideas
A flexible form of indentured servitude that allowed families to negotiate their own terms upon arrival
Conservative clergymen who were against the emotional approach of the Great Awakening
Ministers who took part in the revivalist, emotive religious tradition pioneered by George Whitefield during the Great Awakening.
17th and 18th-century German movement in the Lutheran Church stressing personal piety and devotion
An increase in consumption in English manufactures in Britain and the British colonies fueled by the Industrial Revolution. Although the consumer revolution raised living standards, it landed many consumers — and the colonies as a whole — in debt.
These were vigilante groups active in the 1760s and 1770s in the western parts of North and South Carolina. They violently protested high taxes and insufficient representation in the colonial legislature.
after the population of the east kept growing people started moving west
British Industrial Revolution
began in England in the mid 1700's due to their large population, natural resources, good economy, and their political stability
a master strategist who served as the archetiect of the british war effort
General Edward Braddock
Commander in chief of the British forces in America during the french and indian war
Great War for Empire
Also known as the French and Indian War, this was a showdown between England and France for control of North America. With help from the American colonists, the British won this war fought between 1756 and 1763.
Those who were eager for war with Britain
The Albany Plan of Union
plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes; the plan was turned down by the colonies and the Crown
Intercolonial congress summoned by the British government to foster greater colonial unity and assure Iroquois support in the escalating war against the French.
French for that was site of first major battle of French and Indian war General Washington led an unsucessful attack on the French troops and was then defeated
A political confederation of five northeastern Native American nations of the Seneca, Oneida, Mohawk, Cayuga, and Onondaga that made decisions concerning war and peace.
led troops in first battle of the French and Indian war
The French and Indian war
(1754-1763) War fought in the colonies between the English and the French for possession of the Ohio Valley area. The English won.
the diffrence between baptists and presbyterians
babtists believed in adult babtism
Samuel Morris, inspired by George Whitefield, leads a group of Virginia Anglicans away from the church. Presbyterian New Lights preach to the group, they become Presbyterian, more Presbyterians. Virginia gentry feel threatened, Presbyterian meeting houses closed to prevent the spread of multiple religions. Threatened the social authority of the Virginia gentry; joined with Samuel Morris and the group of Anglicans out of the Church of England
Effects of the Great Awakening
religion was the main topic of conversation, books were printed on piety and devotion, sermons and journals were printed on conversion narratives and sermons
English clergyman and founder of Methodism (1703-1791)
The great awaking was
a religious movement of pietism that swept through the colonies
an englishman creditied with being the leader of the New Lights, who was known for his compelling presence andn powerful sermons that converted numerous people
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