History - Ch. 3 Vocabulary

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Terms in this set (...)

plateau
an area of high, flat land
Quran (Koran)
The holy book of Islam
Shia
the branch of Islam whose members acknowledge Ali and his descendants as the rightful successors of Muhammad
Sunni
A branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad
Makkah (Mecca)
early trade city in Arabia that became Islamic religious center with the Kaaba stone
Kaaba
(Islam) a black stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine
Caliph
A supreme political and religious leader in a Muslim government
Muhammad
Founder of Islam
Sheik
the leader of an Arab village or family
Mosque
A Muslim place of worship
caravan
a group of traders that travel together
Shari'ah
a law code drawn up by Muslim scholars after Muhammad's death; it provided believers with a set of practical laws to regulate their daily lives
Minaret
the tower attached to a mosque from which the muezzin, or crier, calls the faithful to prayer five times a day
bazaar
A market selling different kinds of goods