Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (41)
performed on a person by manual or mechanical means. This means that no voluntary contraction occurs. Someone or something else is doing the work for the patient.
the resistance that is felt at the end of range. It is determined by giving a slight amount of overpressure at the end of the range of motion.
usually where two soft tissue structures approximate (i.e. muscle bulk).
found where ligaments, capsule or muscles are stretched.
It occurs when bone contacts bone.
exercise that the patient is able to do with some assistance from either an individual or a machine.
any type of activity that is performed by the individual.
Active free exercise
range of motion against gravity without the assistance or resistance from anyone or anything.
Isotonic is a contraction
the muscle is changing length
muscle shortening while the muscle is generating force
muscle lengthening with the muscle is generating force
is when the joint does not move, but the muscle is contracting and the muscle length remains the same.
An isokinetic contraction
involves the use of a machine such as Cybex or Kincom, it is when the muscle contracts at the same speed in response to an outside force.
zero: No visible or palpable contraction, no joint movement
trace: There is a visible or palpable contraction
poor: The joint moves full range in a gravity eliminated position
fair: The joint moves full range against gravity
good: The joint moves full range against gravity and can take moderate resistance
normal: The joint moves full range against gravity and can take maximum resistance
(<78.8ºF): May become completely unresponsive, no reflexes or response to pain
(<89.6ºF): Shivering ceases cardiac arrhythmias may occur progressive decrease in consciousness.
(<95ºF): Shivering in an attempt to generate body heat. With progressive cooling (<93ºF), neurological changes occur including amnesia, impaired judgment, ataxia or incoordination.
Remove wet/ cold clothes.
DO NOT massage the cold extremities because this may block the shivering reflex and shunt cold blood from the extremities to the trunk, decreasing the core body temperature.
Check and monitor pulse and respirations.
Position person in lying position with head slightly lower than feet (Trendelenburg position). DO NOT attempt to add heat or increase body temperature. A cold compress applied to the forehead may be of comfort, or may cover person with light blanket to prevent large or rapid loss of body heat.
Cardiac Arrest (treatment?)
CPR; Request medical personnel-follow facility procedures and/ or Call 911
Apply direct pressure
Elevate the extremity, immobilize to reduce blood flow
Replacement of fluids
Call for assistance
Aid device too long (Patient will...?)
elevate or hunches the shoulders
Aid device too short (Patient will...?)
drop the shoulders, leans laterally or flexes the hips
4 point gait
the use of bilateral assistive devices (2 axillary crutches, 2 forearm crutches, 2 canes) or a reciprocal walker. The pattern is composed of 4 separate movements: one UE/assistive device, opposite LE, the second UE/assistive device, the remaining foot. For example: right crutch, left foot, left crutch, right foot.
modified 4 point
only one assistive device is used (a single axillary crutch, forearm crutch, hemiwalker or cane). There are 3 separate movements. The device would be placed forward first, followed by the opposite LE, then the remaining extremity. When a single device is used it is typically placed on the side opposite the involved LE.
2 point gait
bilateral assistive devices (2 axillary crutches, 2 forearm crutches, 2 canes) or a reciprocal walker. One UE/device is moved simultaneously with the opposite LE then the remaining UE/device is moved simultaneously with the opposite LE. This gait pattern most closely resembles the normal gait pattern or normal walking.
Modified 2 point gait
only one assistive device is used (a single axillary crutch, forearm crutch, hemiwalker or cane). The device and the involved LE would be moved forward simultaneously followed by the non-involved foot. This is commonly used as a progression from the modified 4 point pattern.
3 point gait
requires the use of bilateral assistive devices (2 axillary crutches or 2 forearm crutches) or a standard or rolling walker. The device(s) would be placed forward first, followed by moving the affected LE forward, taking the body weight on the hands, then stepping through with the non-affected foot. This pattern is used when the affected LE has a NWB status.
MODIFIED 3 POINT
requires the use of bilateral assistive devices (2 axillary crutches or 2 forearm crutches) or a standard or rolling walker. The primary difference is that the patient often has an affected LE that is painful or has limited weight bearing (TDWB or PWB) and the other LE is full weight bearing (FWB). The device(s) would be placed forward first, followed by placing the affected LE forward and limiting the weight bearing appropriately, taking the remaining body weight on the hands, then stepping through with the non-affected foot.
This means the patient will first step up with the nonaffected foot, followed by the affected foot and then the crutches.
This means that the patient will first move the crutch tips down to the next step, followed by the affected foot and then the nonaffected foot.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
USA Skills Posture and Gait
Chapter 8 body mechanics
Patient Care Final Exam
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Computer Forensics Final 1, Computer Forensics Fin…