Biomes

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Terms in this set (...)

temperate deciduous forest
a forest (or biome) that is characterized by trees that shed their leaves in the fall.
taiga
or coniferous forest; a type of forest characterized by cone-bearing, needle-leaved trees
tropical rain forest
biome near the equator with consistant warm temperatures, wet weather, and lush plant growth
temperate grassland
or priarie, a grassland region maintained by seasonal drought, occasional fires, and grazing by large mammals
savannas
a region of grassland with scattered trees with large herbivores and seasonal rains
desert
an arid region with little or no vegetation
tundra
Treeless arctic or alpine biome characterized by cold, harsh winters, a short growing season, and potential for frost any month of the year; vegetation includes low-growing perennial plants, mosses and lichens
marine
covers 70% of earth's surface; largest biome; temperatures vary from region to region
freshwater
does not contain any saltwater and can be rivers, lakes, streams,ponds, and wetlands
estuary
the area where a freshwater stream or river merges with the ocean
mountain
an area that rises in a steep slope; weather and vegetation change as you increase in elevation up the mountain.
Tropical Rain Forest
biome with the largest diversity of animal and plant life
Taiga
evergreen trees that can stand the cold temperatures
Tropical Rain Forest
tall canopy of trees that lets very little light through to the understory
Deciduous Forest
many types of deciduous trees, such as oaks, birches, and maples
Taiga
animals such as hawks, deer, moose, and wolves
Desert
extreme temperatures during day and night; very little rainfall
Tropical Rain Forest
large amounts of rainfall
Desert
animals such as insects, spiders, reptiles, and birds; many inactive during the hot days (nocturnal)
Grassland
rich soil; tall grasses that provide food and shelter for many animals
Tundra
long, cold winters, tree-less
Deciduous Forest
animals such as squirrels, rabbits, wolves, and bears
Tundra
permafrost soil frozen all year long
Desert
very few tall plants grow in this sandy or rocky soil
Taiga
conifer trees with needlelike leaves, such as pines, firs, and spruces
Tropical Rain Forest
thin, nutrient-poor, acidic soil
Savanna
animals such as zebras, lions, rhinoceroses, and owls
Desert
plants such as prickly pears, yucca, and brittlebush
Tundra
animals such as polar bears, arctic foxes, and mountain goats

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