AMSCO AP GOV Chapter 14
Terms in this set (41)
Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA) (2002)
Banned soft money contributions to national political parties from corporations and unions; independent expenditures by corporations, labor unions, trade associations, and nonprofit organizations are sharply restricted. Raised limits on hard money contributions.
A primary in which voters can vote for the Democratic candidates, the Republican candidates, or some from each party
Buckley V. Valeo (1976)
The Court Upheld a federal law which set limits on campaign contributions, but ruled that spending money to influence elections is a form of constitutionally protected free speech, and struck down portions of the law.
Rank and file members meet in community centers, schools and private homes where they listen to endorsing speeches and discussions of candidates before openly voting and supporting a candidate in the selection of delegates to a national convention. Iowa has this.
Citizens United v. FEC (2010)
corporations have a 1st Amendment right to expressly support political candidates for Congress and the White House
A primary election in which voters must first declare to which party they belong.
the tendency for a popular political party leader such as the president to attract votes for other candidates of the same party in an election.
Electoral system used in electing the president and vice president, in which voters vote for electors pledged to cast their ballots for particular party's candidates.
people elected by the voters in a presidential election as members of the electoral college
Federal Elections Campaign Act (FECA)
A law passed in 1974 for reforming campaign finances. The act created the Federal Election Commission, provided public financing for presidential primaries and general elections, limited presidential campaign spending, required disclosure, and attempted to limit contributions.
Federal Elections Commission (FEC)
A six-member bipartisan agency created by the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1974. It administers and enforces campaign finance laws.
the recent tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar in order to capitalize on media attention
election for an office, such as for a state governor.
Donations made to political candidates, party committees, or groups which, by law, are limited and must be declared. Money can be used for advocacy.
Candidate for an elected office that currently holds that office.
Early attempts to raise money, line up campaign consultants, generate media attention, and get commitments for support even before candidates announce they are running.
an electoral event in which residents of the U.S. state of Iowa meet in precinct caucuses in all of Iowa's 1,681 precincts and elect delegates to the corresponding conventions in each of the state's 99 counties.
donations to presidential campaigns from the federal government that are determined by the amount of private funds a qualifying candidate raises
McConnell v, FEC (2003)
Freedom of Speech and Press: Upheld two decisions in McCain- Feingold, including electioneering communication provisions and the "soft money" ban.
a type of election where the people can elect their representatives in the middle of the term of the executive or of another set of members.
New Hampshire primary
traditionally, these are the first of the public votes for the new presidential election. it occurs in Jan. of the election year.
A primary in which voters can vote for the candidates of either the Democratic or the Republican party
the number of votes cast for a candidate who receives more than any other but does not receive an absolute majority.
political action committees (PACs)
raise money for candidates &/or parties, such as the Colbert Super PAC.
An election intended to select a party's candidates for elective office
A runoff election is sometimes (rarely) held when there are three or more candidates and none of them won a majority of the votes. It's another election between just the two top vote getters, held weeks after the first election, at great expense, and usually with a lower voter turn-out.
political contributions made in such a way as to avoid the United States regulations for federal election campaigns (as by contributions to a political action committee)
Voting for candidates from different parties on the same ballot.
Short television advertisements used to promote a candidate for government office.
A Tuesday in early March in which many presidential primaries, particularly in the South, are held.
The Twenty-third Amendment (Amendment XXIII) to the United States Constitution extends the right to vote in the presidential election to citizens residing in the District of Columbia by granting the District electors in the Electoral College, as if it were a state.
a sum of money used for conducting a campaign or business.
An election system in which the candidate with the most votes wins.
Updates, photos, videos or links that are placed in the news feed of a target audience in an attempt to sway their vote.
Biased commercials that highlighted differences in candidates, but were prevented from using advocacy. This is now a mute point due to the Citizens United decision.
Electioneering for a candidate from Super Pacs that is legal as long as there is no coordination between the Super Pac and the Candidate's Campaign organization.
Groups that can collect unlimited contributions from corporations and individuals as long as the money is used for electioneering that is not coordinated with a candidate.
In a presidential election, it is unclear which party will win those electoral votes up until election time.
Citizens are able to garner enough signatures on a petition to have an ordinance, proposition or law considered by a legislative body.
Voters are able to vote directly on a proposition or local ordinance.
Voters are able to unseat an official who was previously elected to office.