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Criminal Justice ch 13
Terms in this set (50)
A journalist who is writing an article on prison overcrowding in the U.S and wants to use the estimate that yields the highest level of overcrowding would probably choose which definition of prison capacity
What of the following attributes describe a person who feels like a victim
all of the above
Sir Walter Crofton's Irish system emphasized the ned to reintegrate offenders back into the community prior to release
Victim-based thinking can cause an officer's core values to become
Which of the following is not a special problem faced by women in jail today
high levels of violence
Which system of inmate labor turned control of inmates over to non-correctional personnel?
the lease system
The stocks and the pillory are examples of what early form of punishment
According to Dr. Gilmartin, officers who feel vulnerable, susceptible and at risk tend to be considered
The Pennsylvania system required inmates to be silent but involved congregate workshops
According to various studies, private prisons have not created significant cost savings for the states that use them.
The first mass prison system, in which inmates lived, ate, and worked together in enforced silence, was known as the BLANK system
The modern practice of parole has its origins in the work of which reformer
Captain Alexander Maconochie
An officer who is well grounded tends to have a self-image that is welded to
Federal correctional institutions are primarily medium security facilities
During Emotional Survival for Law Enforcement, Dr. Gilmartin refers to a phenomenon call the "I-usta" syndrome. This term refer to
non of the above
Internal classification systems are used to determine what treatment and other programs are needed by individual inmates within a particular facility
Which of the following is a characteristic of a medium security federal correctional institution?
Has mostly cell-type housing
In California, prisoners were racially segregated each time they entered a new correction facility, as a way of preventing gang-related violence. This unwritten policy was reviewed by the U.S. Supreme Court in 2005, in the case of Johnson v. California. What was the Court's ruling, and why
The policy was unconstitutional because it did not serve a compelling state interest and was not relevant to the prison's legitimate security needs.
It is extremely important that officers control their financial well-being
Which of the following statements regarding prison privatization is true
correctional officers working in private prisons are not covered by state laws that govern the activities of public correctional officers.
What impact did the Ashurst-Sumners Act have on prisons?
It placed a moratorium on free-market prison industries
Research suggests that violence between inmates and staff is more common in new-generation jails because of the lack of barriers separating them
Why are regional jails becoming more popular
they are more economical
The "nothing-works" doctrine contributed to a move away from rehabilitation
Deinstitutionalization emphasized the need for rehabilitation to occur in the community
A prison's rated capacity refers to the size of the inmates population that it can handle, according to the judgment of experts
The typical American prison today is a maximum-security institution
One criticism of selective incapacitation is the high rate of false positives
The stocks and pillory were designed to publicly humiliate offenders and give members of the community an opportunity for vengeance.
Two of the most important needs officers have to help reverse the effects of the hyper-vigilance syndrome are
sleep and exercise
What was the original purpose of a jail?
to hold suspects following arrest and pending trial
The BLANK was an early American system of imprisonment that was considered to be humane and that provided inmates with the opportunity for rehabilitation
The officers most likely to suffer the effects of the hyper-vigilance roller coaster are
all of the above expect "A"
The BLANK model of corrections emphasized indeterminate sentencing and rehabilitation
Which of the following statements about new-generation jails is false
they result in higher rates of lawsuits brought by inmates
The purpose of mutilation as a punishment for criminal behavior is specific deterrence
According to the U.S. Supreme Court, overcrowding in prison constitutes cruel and unusual punishment
Prison industries today are limited to state-use systems only
BLANK seeks to identify the most dangerous criminals and incarcerate them to protect society
Individuals who are best described as survivors tend to practice
all of the above
according to the text, the fasted-growing population of jail inmates is
The first "victim" of the hyper-vigilance rollercoaster dynamic is
the officer him/herself
Most jurisdictions house convicted offenders and unconnected suspects in separate jails
In recent years, the rate of new prison construction has increased significantly
What is the purpose of an external or initial classification system in corrections?
to assign new inmates to a custody level
A typical state prison today
is fairly small, with a population of less than 500 inmates
What made Maconochie's system of marks unique and innovative in corrections at that time?
it put the responsibility for earning early release on the inmate
The Ashurst-Sumners Act allowed inmates to refuse to participate in treatment programs in prison
What is a federal ADMAX prison
an ultra-high-security prison
The ADMAX unit is the most high-security federal correctional institution
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