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October 1934-1935, Mao Zedong and his troops are forced to embark on a 6000+ mile march to escape the Nats. They make it out and reform and thus the CCP is saved. Mao is made undisputed leader.
War of Resistance
Japanese invade Manchuria 1937, Nats and Commies form united front to defeat them; in reality, CCP rebuilds and regains strength, Nats get worn out. Ends 1945 USA bomb.
Mass Line Strategy
developed by CCP and Mao during War of Resistance, would work to gain support of millions of peasants who would fight guerrilla warfare
after Japan surrenders to Allies, Commies and nats scramble to get former occupied territory; there is fighting, eventually communists win and have a lot of support, in 1949 PLA marches into Beijing and Mao declares himself ruler
October 1, 1949
when Mao Zedong declares that the People's Republic of China is established from atop Tianamen Gate.
expounded on Marxism, worked on how to take power, Russia early 1900s, led Russian revolution
lenin talked more about seizing power, said use a small group with support of proletariat, use any method available, seize everything and redistribute it, included peasants as well as factory workers
The ends justifies the means
meant do whatever it takes to get communism, even lying and killing is fine
when a leader (mao for ex) tries to get the people to believe they're almost a god so they can stay in power even if they are lousy
First Five Year Plan
1953-1957 designed to develop heavy industries and create jobs; mediocre outcome
Great Leap Forward
Mao's effort to industrialize China quam celerrime, create communes, people make steel, but not enough food = famine and disaster 1958-59 or so
Minister of Defence, criticized Great Leap, Mao is mad, removes him from his post: his supporters rally behind him and then Mao has to start up the Cultural Revolution to get rid of these scum
Great Proletariat Cultural Revolution
began 1966, effort by Mao to get rid of rightists, uses red guards, millions harassed; tapers off early 70s, official end 1976
Chinese leader who was denounced during cultural revolution by Mao for being a "capitalist roader"; Mao viewed him as a threat to power, died under harsh treatment in 1969
Chinese leader who was important in the restructuring of society and economy, struggled for power with gang of four in early 70s, however Zhou died 1976, supported Deng Xiaoping
most powerful man in China late 70s-90s, leader in CCP before that, mao didn't like him but Zhou did, after Mao's death won power struggle, technically vice-chairman but really in charge, made ecomonic reforms
Chinese leader who was important in Civil War, Mao's designated successor, but died in a plane crash 1971 after a failed attempt to oust Mao, so he is considered one of counter-revolutionary parties during Cultural Revolution, other is Jiang Qiang
Gang of Four
Jiang Qing and 3 others, put on trial for causing excesses of Cultural Revolution, sentenced to death but commuted to life in prison
Open Door Policy
Deng encouraged foreign contact, visited USA, Chinese now can study abroad etc, American tourists can come into China: outside knowledge and foreign investement
Special Economic Zones
Shenzen was the first in 1979, where there was more capitalism, foreign business: innovation stimulated, huge economic growths
agriculture, industry, technology, defence: one of Deng's guiding slogans to his new economic rules
Four Cardinal Principles
retaining Socialist path, dictatorship of proletariat, leadership of Communist Party, and ideology of Marxism, Leninism, and Maoism: another of Deng's guiding slogans: what he wanted to do
party secretary, said the protesters at tianamen had some points, but that it needed to be stopped, eventually recommends crackdown and it works
Goddess of Democracy
statue created during tianamen protests, made in only 4 days, like the statue of liberty, stood for democracy
long brick wall in Beijing, activists in democracy movement would post stuff on it, in 1978, but wall closed 1979
Chinese leader with Deng, supported the reforms, when he died in 1989 students wanted him to be commemorated, day before his funeral students march on tianamen square, causing the protests
June 4-5, 1989
the bulk of the violence: whole deal with clearing square by 6 am, it is, then on the 5th in the morning the thing with the people coming up and then running and getting shot and coming back etc etc etc
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