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Breast Cancer Screening (CF)
Terms in this set (30)
What is the risk of a woman dev breast cancer?
1 in 8
What type of cancer is the 2nd most common cause of cancer in woman? What its the most common?
breast; basal cell carcinoma
what is the most deadliest cancer in woman? what is the 2nd deadliest?
What are the 4 types of cancer that cannot be screened for?
ovarian, prostate, lung and pancreatic
What are 3 types of cancer you can screen for?
breast, colon and cervical
What are the 2 major risk factors for breast cancer?
Age and gender (female)
85% of breast cancers will appear in woman over the age of?
What are some minor causes of breast cancers?
early menarche, later menopause, nulliparity (never given birth), older age at first birth (over age of 30), prior history of breast cancer and fan history of breast cancer (1st degree relative).---JUST THINK THAT WOMEN WHO HAVE MORE PERIODS ARE AT AN INCREASED RISK
what model can help you calculate the risk for breast cancer?
how often should a woman exam their breast and when? what about if they are post-menopausal?
1x/month, 2-3 days after period.
Tell the woman to do it on their birthday
Most breast cancers occur in what quadrant?
upper outer quadrant (next to armpit)
How many % of woman have nipple inversion?
Is nipple inversion worrisome?
only if it is new
what is Peau d'orange?
collection of lymphatics and it looks like an orange
What is a mammogram?
x-ray of breast
The tissue of a breast can be described as? heterogenous or homogenous?
What are you looking for in a breast exam?
mass, nodule, asymmetry and calcifications
What does category 1 stand for in the BI-RADS classifications?
As numbers increase on the BI-RADS classification what does this mean?
more serious as the #'s increase
What does category 0 mean?
requires additional imaging
If the BI-RADS are 1 what does this mean?
they are good, they can come back in a year
A woman should get a routine mammogram over the age of?
According to the USPSTF what age should you undergo a mammogram?
what is the reasoning for waiting to screen for breast cancer?
because the breast are so dense at younger age
what is Sojourn time?
The time it takes from when breast cancer could of shown up to when a woman shows up because it clinically manifests.
is the sojourn time faster in younger or older woman?
When should we stop screening women?
over the age of 75 y/o
If your pt has a first degree relative with breast cancer when should you start screening her?
10 years prior to the age of dx (remember DX)
Which of the following is not a risk factor for breast CA?
A) Having first child after 30 B) Late menarche
C) Late menopause
A 34 yo Caucasian female presents to you asking if she needs a mammogram. She is concerned because her mother passed away at age 51 of breast CA. Her exam is normal. You tell her:
A) She needs a mammo now
B) She needs a mammo at 40
C) She needs a mammo at 41
D) She needs a mammo at 50
E) You need to get more information from her
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