Upgrade to remove ads
anthropology exam 2
Terms in this set (28)
subfield of anthropology concerned with human bio and evolution
to explain the extent of physical variation among living people
why was physical anthropology developed?
Europe became more aware of it
what happened during the age of exploration in terms of biological variation?
different people were different species
what did the polygenist school believe about human variation?
all humans are one species, the concept of race became a thing
what did the monogenist school believe about human variation?
classification of some class of phenomenon based on cultural traditions, not always realistic
race is not always a reflection of reality, can mean different things to different cultures
how do folk taxonomies relate to race?
race is a social reality but not a biological reality
how is race both a reality and not a reality at the same time?
typologies are static but gene frequencies are always changing
problems with typologies
gene flow is making populations more homogeneous and technically variation is reducing over time
problem with race classifications
continuous change in a biological trait over time manhood space, expressed in gradations
science that examines changes in frequencies of genes with a population over time
Basis for human biological variability
mutually advantageous association between 2 different organisms
uses scientific method to study past, to record and interpret ancient cultures
patterned sequence of events leading to change in a culture
raw material of archaeological study, MATERIAL culture, manifestations of behavior (made by humans)
recoverable remnants of natural environment (bones, plants..)
clusters of artifacts and eco facts representing specific activities
dense concentration of artifacts, eco facts, and features
law of association
relationship of each artifact/feature in space and time, inference of human behavior
the study of rock layers and the sequence of events they reflect
law of superimposition
unit that underlies another must be older than the overlying unit
Collection information about the Location, Distribution, and Organization of Past Cultures Through Archaeological Testing
Forensic archaeology, a forensic science, is the application of archaeological principles, techniques and methodologies in a legal context
primary non biological means in which humans adapt to their environment
seems easy to distinguish but it is not
what does it mean that culture is elusive?
distress caused by strains of adjusting to a different culture or different behaviors
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Chapter 1 quiz
Anthropology Ch. 1
Physical Anthropology Chapter 1
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
anthropology unit 3 (FINAL)
bio 1108 land plants
bio 1108 animal evolution II lab quiz
bio 1108 lab 11