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national conventions

New, circus-like method of nominating presidential candidates that involved wider participation but usually left effective control in the hands of party bosses

Anti-Masonic Party

Small, short-lived third political party that originated a new method of nominating presidential candidates in the election campaign of 1831-1832

"corrupt bargain"

Contemptuous Jacksonian term for the alleged political deal by which Clay threw his support to Adams in exchange for a high cabinet office

secretary of state

Office to which President Adams appointed Henry Clay

spoils system

The popular idea that public offices should be handed out on the basis of political support rather than special qualifications

Tariff of Abominations

scornful southern term for the high Tariff of 1828


Theory promoted by John C. Calhoun and other South Carolinians taht said states had the right to disregard federal laws to which they objected

Bank of the United States

The "moneyed monster" that Clay tried to preserve and that Jackson killed with his veto in 1832


Ritualistic secret societies that became the target of a momentarily powerful third party in 1832

evangelical protestants

Religiously believers, originally attracted to the Anti-Masonic party and then to the Whigs, who sought to use political power for moral and religious reforms

Cherokee, Chikasaw, Choctaw, Seminoles, or Creek

Any two of the southeastern Indian peoples who were removed to Oklahoma.

Trail of Tears

The sorrowful path along which thousands of southeastern Indians were removed to Oklahoma


The nation from which Texas won its independence in 1836.


Anti-Jackson political party that generally stood for national community and an activist government

Log Cabin and hard cider

Popular symbols of the bogus but effective campaign the Whigs used to elect "poor boy" William Henry Harrison in 1840

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