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Greek Theater Terms 101
Eng II Greek Theater Terms
Stage building behind orchestra where the actors changed costumes.
was an ode to Dionysus
a sidekick who accompanies the main protagonist (Aeschylus)
circular acting space at center, translates as "dancing place"
Spectator seating; "seeing place" (embankment)
a third character which allowed more complex interactions of dialogue (Sophocles)
Altar of Dionysus that sits in the center of Orchestra
portion immediately in front of the skene was used as an acting area
Parodos (stage diagram)
passage ways for the actors to make their entrances and exits
cart rolled out to show bodies of warriors killed in battle
stone seats reserved for prestigious people originally for the priests
the final or exit scene
establishes dramatic situation
Parados (play structure)
the first choral ode of Chorus, "exposition"
a hymn of praise to the gods
main action, equivalent of an "Act"
choral interlude, makes comment on the action in the Episode
Final summation and exit of Chorus
composed of 15 men that express opinions, gives advice, and author's point of view
leader of the chorus that can play a individual role in the play
part of the ode moving from right to left
left to right
separated each scene; no curtain; also response to scene
final stanza of the ode
One Day, One Setting, One Plot (Aristotle)
choral hymn in praise of a god (Dionysos)
as defined by Aristotle, a play in which suffering brings about self-knowledge; serious treatment of religious and moral questions.
a cleansing the viewer receives from watching; a release from tension
(tragic flaw) - act, moral flaw or intellectual mistake
reversal of fortune
giving human qualities to the gods
setting up of self as superior to all humans, even equal to God (gods); extreme pride; arrogance
Deus ex machina
crane mounted on skene; used to bring about the appearance of gods. usually a stuffed dummy suspended in air.
discrepancy between what the character thinks and what the audience knows.
of Apollo at Delphi; one who delivers god's message to man.
killing of a king
killing one's own father