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57 terms

Ch. 15 Government

STUDY
PLAY
The classic conception of bureaucracy was advanced by the German sociologist Max Weber. What are the five main elements of the Weberian model of bureaucracies?
Hiierarchal Authority Structure, Task Specialization, Merit Principle, Impersonality, Rules
As a whole, the permanent bureaucracy is?
more broadly representative of the American people than legislators, judges, or presidential appointees.
true/ false: Most federal bureaucrats work in Washington, D.C. or the D.C. metropolitan area.
False
Patronage is a hiring and promotion system based on?
knowing the right people
The rationale for all civil service systems is based on?
the merit principle
true/false: Most bureaucrats are guided by standard operating procedures (SOPs) to help make numerous everyday decisions based on a consistent, set routine.
True
Cabinet department that has the largest budget?
Health and Human Services
An independent regulatory agency?
Federal Reserve Board
A government corporation?
U.S Postal Service
First federal regulatory agency, established in 1887?
Interstate Commerce Comm.
Largest federal agency, based on $$ spent?
Social Security Admin.
Cabinet dept. charged with overseeing the nation's natural resources?
Enviromental Protection Agency
An independent executive agency?
General Services Administration
Once a policy decision has been made, such as by passing a legislative act or issuing an executive order, the bureaucracy is responsible for?
its implementation
The authority of administration actors to select among various responses to a given problem is called?
administrative discretion
Administrative personnel who exercise discretion, pay attention to routine, and deal directly with clients, are called?
street level bureaucrats
list the three elements contained in all regulations?
grant from congress, guidlines issued by regulatory agencies, and means of enforcement
the use of government authority to control or change some practice in the private sector is known as?
regulation
executive orders are issued by?
the president
congress tries to control the bureaucracy through?
rewriting laws and budgets, and holding hearings
Most bureaucratic agencies in the U.S are responsible to:
the president
What are the characteristics of a bureaucracy, according to German sociologist Max Weber?
-hierarchical authority structure
-uses task specialization
-develops extensive rules
-it is rational
According to the textbook, what are the myths about the American bureaucracy?
-Americans hasve mostly negative experiences with bureaucrats
-the federal bureaucracy is constantly growing bigger
-most federal bureaucracy work in Washington, D.C.
-Bureaucracies are inefficient
the political term for a hiring and promotion system that is based on political reasons rather than on merit or competence is called:
patronage
the pendleton civil service act that established the federal civil service was passed in?
the second half of the 19th century
civil service employees may:
-not actively participate in partisan politics while on duty
-may engage in political activities while not on duty
-may not run for partisan elective office
-may not solicit contributions from from the public
what are the basic types of agencies in the federal executive branch?
-cabinet departments
-independent regulatory commisions
-government corporations
-independent executive agencies
what can be considered a virtual 4th branch of the national government?
Private contractors
Name the cabinet departments...
DEPARTMENT of...
- the Interior
- of defense
- of justice
- of education
what are governments use of private contractors?
-allows officials to claim that they are downsizing the federal work force while actually expanding it.
-most contracts for private contractors are not subject to full and open competition
-there is less public scrutiny of private contractors.
true/false: The Department of Defense makes up more than half of the Federal Bureaucracy.
True
true/false: the permanent bureaucracy is less broadly representative of the American people than are legislators, judges, or presidential appointees?
false
Most federal bureaucrats work in Washington, D.C., or the D.C. metropolitan area.
False
At least 12 agencies and 35 statues regualte food safety. true/false
true
the policy in which entrance and promotion to bureaucracies is based on demonstrated ability rather than on "who you know" is known as the___ principle.
merit
which of the following statements are true?
A. Most federal bureaucrats work in Washington, DC.
B. Only 12% of federal bureaucrats work in Washington, DC.
C. There are nearly 90,000 federal civil employees working in foreign countries and American territories
b and c
what was the purpose of the hatch act?
to prohibit civil servants from actively participation in partisan politics while they are on duty.
which of these is the newest government agency?
Department of Health and Human Services
Drug Enforcement Agency
Social Security Administration
Cyberspace Commission
Department of Homeland Security
social security administration
the agency chaged with governing banks and regulation the supply of money and interest rates is the..
federal reserve board
which of the following statements about independent regulatory commisions is false?
Regulatory commission members are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate.
Regulatory commissions consist of five to ten members.
Regulatory commission members may not be drawn from the ranks of present or former employees of the regulated industry.
Regulatory commission members cannot be fired by the president
regulatory commision members may not be drawn from the ranks of present or former employees of the regulated industry.
Section 844 of titile IX of the education amendments of 1972
was vaguely written, eventually resulting in scores of court cases.
standard operating procedures accomplish all of the following EXCEPT?
treat citizens equally, regardless of class or race.
reduce red tape.
make personnel interchangeable.
bring uniformity to complex organizations.
save time.
reduce red tape
the diffusion of responsibilty within the bureaucracy
makes coordination of policies both time-consuming and difficult
until 1887, the federal government...
had almost no regulatory policies.
the first regulatory agency created in the U.S was the
Interstate Commerce Commision
when congress passes regulatory legislation for which it has established goals, it then...
grnats power to regulatory agencies to develope guidlines and enforce compliance.
which of the following is not a method a president can use to control the bureaucracy?
tinker with an agency's recommended budget
appoint people to head an agency who share the president's goals and strategies
request a congressional oversight hearing
rewrite statutes to make instructions clearer as to how policies are intended
issue executive orders or more informal requests
rewrite statutes to make instructions clearer as to how policies are intended
to limit bureaucratic discretion and make its instructions clearer, congress can...
write new and more detailed legislation
which of the following statements is false?
A strong case can be made that the bureaucracy to too small for the many tasks assigned to it.
The population of the US has grown significantly over the past two generations.
The federal bureaucracy has shrunk in size relative to the population it serves.
The bureaucracy has not grown significantly over the past two generations.
The bureaucracy has grown significantly over the past two
the bureaucracy has grown significantly over the past two generations.
true/false: commision menbers of independent regulatory commisions can be fired by the president.
false
true/false: The General Service Administration, the national science foundation, and the national aeronautics and space administration are all examples of regulatory agencies.
false
true/false: A good argument can be made that the bureaucracy is actually too small for many of the tasks it is assigned to carry out.
true
street bureaucrats are those civil service employees who have the highest GS ratings. true/false
false
government regulation refers to the use of government authority to control or change some practice in the private sector. true/false
true
true/false: A strong argument for deregulation is that the number and complexity of regulatory policies have made regulation too complex and burdensome.
true
true/false: widespread participation in bureaucratic policymaking in which participants with technical expertise are draw into issues, is sometimes referred to subgovernments.
false
true/false: relative to the population it serves, the federal bureaucracy has grown significantly over the past several decades.
false