American History Chapter 4
Terms in this set (55)
the formal withdrawal of a state from the Union
Compromise of 1850
California added a a free state, a new and more effective fugitive slave law, and popular sovereignty for the residents of the New Mexico and Utah territories
Proposed the Compromise of 1850
System of escape routes to lead fugitive slaves to safety
Made 19 trips back to the South after escaping slavery and helped 300 slaves to freedom. One of the most famous conductors of the Underground Railroad
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Published Uncle Tom's Cabin
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Started the conversation of slavery as a moral struggle not just a political contest.
The situation turned violent as supporters and opponents of slavery attempted to populate Kansas in order to win the vote on slavery in the territory.
Elected President in 1852
Know Nothing Party
Supported nativism. Split over the issue of slavery in the territories.
Elected President in 1856
Slave who sued for his freedom after traveling with his owner into free territory
Dred Scott decision
The Court ruled against Scott saying he lacked the legal standing to sue because he was not a citizen. Also, the 5th amendment protected property, including slaves.
Lincoln - Douglas Debates
Debate over slavery in the territories during the race for the U.S. senate in Illinois
He believed popular sovereignty would solve the slavery issue.
Planned a slave uprising at Harpers Ferry.
Elected to his 1st term in 1860.
The first state to secede from the Union
President of the Confederacy
A confederation formed in 1861 by the Southern states after their secession from the Union
fort taken by the Confederacy on an island in Charleston Harbor
This state was added to the Union in 1863
highly motivated soldiers, and first rate generals
blockade Southern ports, control the Mississippi River, and take the Confederate capital at Richmond
The first bloodshed of the War. Confederate Victory
Led the Confederate army to victory at Bull Run. Accidentally shot by confederate troops. After arm amputation he dies from pneumonia.
Robert E. Lee
Commander of the Confederate Army. After he was defeated at Gettysburg, he gave up all hope of invading the North. He met with Grant to arrange a Confederate surrender at Appomattox Court House.
Bloodiest single day in American History. Union Victory. McClellan removed from command after deciding not to pursue the battered Confederate army.
An executive order issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863 freeing the slaves in all regions behind Confederate lines.
draft that forced men to serve in the army.
Union nurse who went on to found the American Red Cross
a tax that takes a specified percentage of an individual's income
3 day battle that ended in a Union victory. Turning point in the war as Lee had to give up all hopes of invading the North
"Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in Liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal."
Allowed the Union army to control the Mississippi River and split the Confederacy in two.
William Tecumseh Sherman
Led the March to Sea, trying to destroy the Southern will to fight
Ulysses S. Grant
Appointed commander of all Union armies. Believed in waging total war.
Election of 1864
Won by Abraham Lincoln
Appomattox Court House
Civil War casualties
Political impact of the Civil War
Increased the power of the federal government. After the war no state ever threatened secession again.
Economic impact of the Civil War
Widened the gap between the North and the South
John Wilkes Booth
assassinated Abraham Lincoln
The period during which the United States began to rebuild after the Civil War. Refers to the process the federal government used to readmit the defeated Confederate states to the Union.
Wanted to destroy the political power of former slaveholders and most of all wanted African Americans to be given full citizenship and the right to vote. Also wanted reconstruction to continue after all the states were readmitted to the union.
Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan
Lincoln's vice president and successor. Radical Republicans tried to impeach him but were unsuccessful.
Prevented states from denying rights and privileges to any U.S. citizen. now defined as "all persons born or naturalized in the United States"
States that no one can be kept from voting because of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude"
White southerners who joined the Republican party
Northerners who moved to the South after the War
first African American senator
a system in which landowners give farm workers land, seed, and tools in return for a part of the crops they raise
Ku Klux Klan
wanted to prevent African Americans from exercising their political rights.
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
American History Chapter 9
American History 6,7, and 8
American History Chapter 3
American History Chapter 16
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
American History Study Guide Chapter 1
Chapter nine American history
American History Chapter 14
American History Study Guide Chapter 2