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COS 223 clic haircoloring terminology BSB
Terms in this set (44)
has MORE positive hydrogen ions than negative. can accept electrons. pH less than 7. sour tasting and turns litmus paper RED.
DYE USED FOR TEMPORARY HAIR COLORS WHICH ARE UNABLE TO PENETRATE THE CORTEX
FEWER positive Hydrogen ions than negative. Accepts PROTONS. pH GREATER than 7. Bitter tasting and turns litmus paper BLUE.
hypersensitivity or reaction to a chemical. can occur immediately or within 24 hours
a compound formed by combining nitrogen with 3 hydrogen atoms. (NH3) Ammonia is alkaline and opens the cuticle for color.
contains protons, neutrons, and electrons. electrons are involved in chemical reactions
Has more negative hydrogen ions than positive. can donate electrons. pH greater than 7. Bitter tasting, slippery, turns litmus paper BLUE. an alkaline is a base that is in solution .
A type of dye used in semi- permanent colors to open the cuticle and allow some of the color molecules into the cortex. basic dyes come in a brilliant assortment of colors
All chemical systems seek stability by combining to form compounds. There are two types of compounds: organic and inorganic.
a tint or hue that is distinguishable from white; a visual sensation created when the brain interprets the wavelengths of light taken in by the eyes
a tool containing 12 colors; assists haircolorist in creating color formulations
the second and largest layer of the hair shaft. melanin is located in the cortex
the outer most layer of the hair shaft which acts as protective armor.
the entry of color molecules into the hair when used in a haircolor application
a term used for hydrogen peroxide because when it is added to permanent haircolor, the dyes are developed and ready for use
an unnatural tone or shade that is unpleasing to the eye
hair that has received two separate services using different products for each service. (bleach followed by toner)
a black pigment found in black, brown and blonde hair. a type of melanin
a mixture of hair products used to create a desired shade. A recipe for the haircolorist
extremely small protein strands. each consist of hundreds of microfibrils. each microfibril consist of of 11 protofibrils. each protofibril consist of 3 intertwined polypeptide-chain molecules
made from aluminum sheets. used for creating highlights or any special effects
the addition of natural of artificial pigments and or dyes to the hair
placing lightener or color streaks into natural or color treated hair
formed by 2 hydrogen and 2 oxygen atoms. when mixed with oxidative haircolors and bleaches , it is an oxidizing agent. also known as developer
the gradation of colors in the spectrum. chroma measures the strength of hues.
the system that used to measure the depth of a color range. levels are measured using a metric system, and range from blue/black(level1) to blonde(10)
light is color. light travels 186,000 miles per second
a bleaching product used to lift pigment out of the hair. comes in powder and liquid
placing darker strands of color into natural or color treated hair. the opposite of Highlighting
The central core of hair, made of loosely- packed, box like cells. not all strand of hair have a medulla
natures color pigments, which are found in your skin and hair.the formula for naturally occurring color is tyrosine (amino acids) +enzymes=molecules of melanin or phaeomelanin.
metal salts like lead acetate used in some haircolor. caution should be used when coloring over metallic dyes
creates a physical change to haircolor without altering the chemical composition of the hair. temporary
when color or lightener runs over previously colored hair
creates a permanent haircolor change by altering the chemical composition of the hair through a chemical process called oxidation,
a substance that produces color. pigments are found naturally in the hair and are also created artificially for use in hair dyes.
the amount of moisture(liquid, cream, or other form) the hair can absorb
determines sensitivity to chemicals and color treatments. also know as a "patch test".
first generation colors: red, yellow, blue
second generation colors that are created by mixing first gen colors together: orange, green, violet
third gen colors that are created by mixing first gen colors together: red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, red-violet
underlying color seen after another color was applied first
the property of a fluid that causes it to resist flowing; thickness.
the measurement of the acidity or alkalinity of a substance. 0 extremely acidic 14 extremely alkaline. distilled water is a neutral pH of 7
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