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383 terms

My GRE Words

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atavism
recurrence
adumbrate
to foreshadow vaguely
abeyance
suspension
adjure
to command solemnly, to beseech
brazier
large metal container in which coal or charcoal is burned
aegis
auspices, protection; breastplate
chimerical
unreal, imaginary
attenuate
to weaken
bugaboo
imaginary monster, boogeyman
ablution
the ritual washing of a priest's hands or of sacred vessels
apothegm
a short, pithy, instructive saying, aphorism
caparison
horse decorative covering
andiron
metal support for fireplace logs
abnegate
to deny oneself
codicil
a supplement to a will
cozen
to be false to, to be dishonest with, to cheat
auscultation
the act of listening to sounds arising within organs (as the lungs) as an aid to diagnosis and treatment
abjure
to renounce, to disavow
aplomb
with great cool and composure
abrogate
to annul, to abolish by authoritative action
contumely
insult, rudeness compounded of haughtiness and contempt
captious
faultfinding
contemn
disdain, scorn
braggadocio
bluster, vain and empty boasting
bumptious
offensively self-assertive
circumspect
heedful of potential consequences, discreet
abut
to border on
afferent
a nerve carrying a message toward the central nervous system.
ecad
a plant which has supposedly adapted to its environment
avouch
to declare openly and bluntly, to affirm
adduce
to offer evidence for
arroyo
a watercourse in an arid region
acrid
sharp and harsh
animus
disposition; animosity, ill will
daud
to knock
casuistry
argumentation that is specious or excessively subtle and intended to be misleading; moral philosophy based on the application of general ethical principles to resolve moral dilemmas.
accede
to express approval or give consent, to give in
blandishment
cajolery, flattery intended to persuade
concordat
covenant, written agreement
astringent
sour or bitter, causing contraction
caduac
a casualty
acidulous
somewhat acid or harsh
cynosure
something that provides guidance; something that strongly attracts attention
apposite
apt
dastard
a despicable coward
deliquescent
becoming liquid by absorbing moisture from the air
demotic
common, pertaining to the people, an ancient Egyptian script
demur
a formal objection to an opponent's pleadings
denigrate
belittle; slander
denotation
indication
depredation
plundering, pillaging, ravaging
descant
a decorative musical accompaniment (often improvised) added above a basic melody
descry
spy, catch sight of
desideratum
requirement, necessity
desuetude
disuse, inactivity
desultory
purposeless
detraction
petty criticism
diaphanous
gauzy, sheer
disclaim
renounce a legal claim or title to
discursive
rambling, meandering; reaching a conclusion through reason instead of intuition
disquisition
elaborate or explanatory essay
dissemble
feign, pretend
doff
remove, take off
doggerel
a comic verse of irregular measure
dolorous
showing sorrow
dross
worthless or dangerous material, impurity
ebullient
exuberant
effulgent
beaming
egress
going out, exit, exodus, emergence
elegy
lament for the dead
emolument
compensation
encomium
formal expression of praise
endue
endow
enjoin
give instructions to
equable
temperate
equanimity
composure
evince
express
eviscerate
remove the contents of
exchequer
treasury
excoriate
condemn, decry
execrate
to loathe, to curse
exigency
crisis
exiguous
scanty
expatiate
elaborate
expiate
atone
expostulate
To reason earnestly with someone in an effort to dissuade or correct; remonstrate
expurgate
censor
extemporaneous
impromptu
extirpate
to eradicate
factious
dissenting with majority opinion
factitious
artificial, not produced naturally
factotum
servant
fain
disposed, inclined, prepared, gladly
fealty
allegiance, loyalty
febrile
feverish
fervid
intensely emotional, impassioned
fiat
court decree, edict
flotilla
US Navy fleet
foment
agitate, try to stir up public opinion
frieze
architectural ornament with all the people on it in a band
froward
headstrong
fructify
bear fruit
fulcrum
the pivot about which a lever turns
fulminate
to explode with a loud noise; detonate; to issue denunciations or the like
fulsome
suck-uppy
functionary
a worker, official
gadfly
a persistently annoying person
gainsay
to challenge
gamester
a merry, frolicsome person
garrulous
chatty, gabby
gasconade
bragging, an instance of bragging
germinal
containing seeds of later development
gibbet
gallows
gloaming
dusk, twilight
harrow
cultivator, tiller, pulverizer of soil
hawser
large heavy rope for nautical use
hegira
a journey by a large group to escape from a hostile environment
hermitage
the abode of a hermit
hibernal
wintry
homily
a sermon
hoyden
tomboy
hummock
a small natural hill
hustings
the activities involved in political campaigning
hyperborean
of or pertaining to the region beyond the North wind, or to its inhabitants
hypothecate
to believe, especially on uncertain or tentative grounds
iconoclast
a destroyer of images used in religious worship
igneous
produced under conditions involving intense heat
ignominious
disgraceful
imbrue
drench
imbue
diffuse though, permeate
immolate
offer as a sacrifice by killing or giving up to destruction
impalpable
unfeelable
impecunious
not having enough money to pay for necessities
impenitent
unrepentant, unremorseful
imperious
domineering, overbearing, dictatorial
importune
beg persistently and urgently
imprecate
damn, wish harm upon
imprimatur
a license to print, formal and explicit approval
impute
attribute or credit to
incarnadine
flesh-colored, of a carnation or pale red color
inchoate, incipient
not fully formed; at an initial stage
inexorable
not to be persuaded or moved by entreaty
iniquitous
sinful, ungodly
insidious
beguiling but harmful, intended to entrap
insouciant
careless, heedless
insuperable
insurmountable
integument
an outer protective covering like skin or a rind
interment
burial
internecine
conflict within a group or organization, mutual slaughter
interstice
a small structural space between tissues or parts of an organ; small opening between things
intransigent
stubbornly refusing to compromise
inveigle
cajole, wheedle
inveterate
chronic, habitual
invidious
calculated to create ill will or resentment or give offense; hateful, offensively or unfairly discriminating
irrefragable
incontestable, unanswerable
jejune
lacking in nutritive value; juvenile
jeremiad
a long and mournful complaint
jingoism
an appeal intended to arouse patriotic emotions
junket
type of dessert, a journey taken for pleasure, banquet
ken
range of what one can know or understand, range of vision
laconic
brief and to the point, terse, curt
lagniappe
a small gift (especially one given by a merchant to a customer who makes a purchase)
lambent, lucent
softly bright or radiant, luminous
lave
wash or flow against, cleanse oneself
limn
trace the shape of, outline, make a portrait of
lissome
moving and bending with ease, lithe
lubricity
slipperiness, ability to lubricate, fleetingness, lewdness
lugubrious
excessively mournful
madrigal
a secular part song without instrumental accompaniment, usually for four to six voices
magniloquent
pompous; bombastic; boastful
martinet
a strict disciplinarian, esp. a military one
mawkish
characterized by sickly sentimentality; weakly emotional; maudlin.
mendicant
begging; practicing begging; living on alms
mercurial
changeable; volatile; fickle, animated; lively; sprightly
meretricious
alluring by a show of flashy or vulgar attractions; based on pretense, deception, or insincerity
minaret
a lofty, often slender, tower or turret attached to a mosque, surrounded by or furnished with one or more balconies, from which the muezzin calls the people to prayer.
minatory
menacing; threatening
mugwump
a person who is unable to make up his or her mind on an issue, esp. in politics; a person who is neutral on a controversial issue
mulct
to swindle
neap
designating tides midway between spring tides that attain the least height
nugatory
worthless, ineffectual
numismatics
the study or collecting of coins, medals, paper money, etc
obdurate
unmoved by persuasion, pity, or tender feelings; stubborn; unyielding
oblation
the offering to God of the elements of bread and wine in the Eucharist
obloquy
censure, blame, or abusive language aimed at a person or thing, esp. by numerous persons or by the general public
obsidian
a volcanic glass similar in composition to granite, usually dark but transparent in thin pieces, and having a good conchoidal fracture
obstreperous
resisting control or restraint in a difficult manner; unruly
obtrude
to thrust (something) forward or upon a person, esp. without warrant or invitation
opprobrious
outrageously disgraceful or shameful
orison
a prayer
ornithologist
one who studies birds
orotund
(of the voice or speech) characterized by strength, fullness, richness, and clearness
paean
any song of praise, joy, or triumph
palaver
a conference or discussion
palliate
to relieve or lessen without curing; mitigate; alleviate
panegyric
a lofty oration or writing in praise of a person or thing; eulogy; formal or elaborate praise
parapet
a defensive wall or elevation, as of earth or stone, in a fortification
pastiche
a hodgepodge
paucity
scarcity
peccadillo
a very minor or slight sin or offense
pecuniary
of or pertaining to money
pediment
a low gable, typically triangular with a horizontal cornice and raking cornices, surmounting a colonnade, an end wall, or a major division of a façade
pelf
money or wealth, esp. when regarded with contempt or acquired by reprehensible means
pellucid
allowing the maximum passage of light, as glass; translucent; limpid
pennate
winged, feathered
penury
extreme poverty; destitution
peregrination
travel from one place to another, esp. on foot
perforce
necessarily
perigee
the point in the orbit of a heavenly body, esp. the moon, or of an artificial satellite at which it is nearest to the earth
peripatetic
walking or traveling about; itinerant
peristyle
a colonnade surrounding a building or an open space
peroration
a long speech characterized by lofty and often pompous language
perquisite
an incidental payment, benefit, privilege, or advantage over and above regular income, salary, or wages, gratuity or tip
persiflage
light, bantering talk or writing
perspicuous
clearly expressed or presented, lucid
pertinacious
holding tenaciously to a purpose, course of action, or opinion; resolute
pervious
admitting of passage or entrance; permeable
pharisaical
practicing or advocating strict observance of external forms and ceremonies of religion or conduct without regard to the spirit; self-righteous; hypocritical
philology
the study of literary texts and of written records, the establishment of their authenticity and their original form, and the determination of their meaning; linguistics, esp. historical and comparative linguistics
picaresque
of, pertaining to, or resembling rogues
piscatorial
of or pertaining to fishermen or fishing
plaintive
expressing sorrow or melancholy; mournful
plangent
resounding loudly, esp. with a plaintive sound, as a bell
plebiscite
a direct vote of the qualified voters of a state in regard to some important public question; the vote by which the people of a political unit determine autonomy or affiliation with another country
plenary
full; complete;
polity
a particular form or system of government; government or administrative regulation
poltroon
a wretched coward
postulate
to ask, demand, or claim
potentate
a person who possesses great power, as a sovereign, monarch, or ruler
precept
an injunction as to moral conduct; maxim
preciosity
fastidious or carefully affected refinement, as in language, style, or taste.
premonitory
giving premonition
primogeniture
the state or fact of being the firstborn of children of the same parents, the system of inheritance or succession by the firstborn, specifically the eldest son.
proboscis
the trunk of an elephant
prodigious
extraordinary in size, amount, extent, degree, force, etc.
promontory
a bluff, or part of a plateau, overlooking a lowland
promulgate
publish; proclaim formally or put into operation
propagate
to reproduce, to pass on genes, to cause to increase
propitiate
appease, conciliate
propitious
auspicious
propound
set forth; propose
protract
to prolong
provenance
place or source of origin
provender
dry food, as hay or oats, for livestock or other domestic animals; fodder.
provident
having or showing foresight; economical; frugal; thrifty
prurient
having a restless desire or longing, lustful
pulchritude
physical beauty; comeliness
purport
to present, esp. deliberately, the appearance of being; profess or claim, often falsely, purpose; intention; object
pusillanimous
cowardly, faint of heart
querulous
complaining, full of complaints
quiescent
quiet, still, inactive
ramify
to divide or spread out into branches or branchlike parts; extend into subdivisions
rancor
bitter, rankling resentment or ill will; hatred; malice
rapprochement
an establishment or reestablishment of harmonious relations
rarefied
extremely high or elevated; lofty; exalted, relating to an exclusive group; select; esoteric
ratiocination
the process of logical reasoning
ravening
voracious
recalcitrant
resisting authority or control; not obedient or compliant; refractory, hard to deal with, manage, or operate
recapitulate
to summarize
recondite
dealing with very profound, difficult, or abstruse subject matter, esoteric
recreant
cowardly or craven, unfaithful, disloyal, or traitorous
recrimination
to bring a countercharge against an accuser, to accuse in return
recrudescence
breaking out afresh or into renewed activity; revival or reappearance in active existence
rectitude
rightness of principle or conduct; moral virtue, correctness
recumbent
lying down; reclining; leaning , inactive, idle
redolent
having a pleasant odor; fragrant
redoubtable
that is to be feared; formidable, commanding or evoking respect, reverence, or the like
refectory
a dining hall in a religious house, a college, or other institution
regatta
a boat race, a strong, striped cotton fabric that is of twill weave
rescission
the act of rescinding
resplendent
shining brilliantly; gleaming
reticulated
netted; covered with a network
retinue
a body of retainers in attendance upon an important personage; suite
roseate
rosy, bright or promising, incautiously optimistic
rostrum
any platform, stage, or the like, for public speaking, a beaklike projection from the prow of a ship, esp. one on an ancient warship for ramming an enemy ship
rotunda
a round building, esp. one with a dome
rubicund
red or reddish; ruddy
rueful
causing sorrow or pity; pitiable; deplorable
rusticate
to go to the country
sacerdotal
of or relating to priests or the priesthood, priestly
sagacious
shrewd, showing sound judgment
salubrious
conducive to health or well-being
salver
a tray for serving food or drinks
sanguine
a healthy reddish color, cheerfully confident, optimistic
sapid
having flavor, savor
sapient
having great wisdom and discernment
sartorial
relating to a tailor or tailoring
satrap
a ruler, a subordinate bureaucrat or official
saturnine
melancholy or sullen, bitter or sardonic
scarify
to make shallow cuts in the skin, to break up the surface of
sciolism
a pretentious attitude of scholarship, superficial knowledge pretentiously revealed
scion
descendent or heir
scullion
a servant employed to do menial tasks in a kitchen
scurrilous
foul-mouthed
sebaceous
fatty
sedulous
persevering and constant in effort, assiduous, diligent
senescence
growing old, aging
sententious
trying to sound wise, making pompous remarks about morality
sequacious
intellectually servile, inclined to follow
serried
pressed or crowded together, especially in rows
simper
to smile in a silly manner
sluice
a floodgate, an artificial passage for water
solecism
an ungrammatical combination of words in a sentence, something deviating from the proper or normal, a breach of etiquette
sophist
philosopher
soporific
causing sleep, dulling awareness
splenetic
marked by bad temper, malevolence, or spite
spoliation
plundering
spume
foam, scum, frothy matter on liquids
staid
marked by settled sedateness and often prim self-restraint
stentorian
extremely loud
stertorous
characterized by a harsh snoring or gasping sound
stratum
a sheet of rock or earth, a layer of the sea or atmosphere
stricture
a constriction, narrowing
strident
characterized by harsh, insistent, and discordant sound, commanding attention by a loud or obtrusive quality
stultify
to cause to appear or be stupid, foolish, or absurdly illogical, To render useless or ineffectual; cripple
sub rosa
secret, private
subterfuge
a deceptive strategem
sudorific
causing or increasing sweat
sumptuary
relating to personal expenditures and especially to prevent extravagance and luxury, designed to regulate extravagant expenditures or habits especially on moral or religious grounds
supernal
celestial, heavenly
supernumerary
exceeding a fixed number, exceeding the required amount
suppurate
to form or discharge pus
surfeit
overindulgence in food or drink, result of overindulgence
surreptitious
done in secret
syllogism
deductive reasoning, a deduction
tarn
A small mountain lake, especially one formed by glaciers
tatterdemalion
a ragged fellow, a ragamuffin, street urchin
teleology
a doctrine explaining phenomena by their ends or purposes
temerarious
recklessly daring
temerity
recklessness
temporize
To act evasively in order to gain time, avoid argument, or postpone a decision, to stall
tendentious
partisan
tergiversation
subterfuge; evasion, falsification by means of vague or ambiguous language
termagant
a violent, turbulent, or brawling woman, shrew
tessellated
like a mosaic
thaumaturgist
a worker of wonders or miracles; magician
thrall
slavery
threnody
a dirge, lamentation for the dead, funeral song
tipple
to drink intoxicating liquor, esp. habitually or to some excess
tonsure
ritual head shaving, being shorn
traduce
to speak maliciously and falsely of; slander; defame
treacle
contrived or unrestrained sentimentality, molasses
trencherman
a person who has a hearty appetite
triolet
a short poem of fixed form, having a rhyme scheme of ab, aa, abab, and having the first line repeated as the fourth and seventh lines, and the second line repeated as the eighth
truckle
to submit or yield in a servile/obsequious way, a pulley
truculent
fierce; cruel; savagely brutal
trumpery
something without use or value; rubbish; trash; worthless stuff
tumbrel
one of the carts used during the French Revolution to convey victims to the guillotine, a farmer's cart, esp. one for hauling manure, that can be tilted to discharge its load
turbid
not clear or transparent because of stirred-up sediment or the like; clouded; opaque; obscured
tureen
a large, deep, covered dish for serving soup, stew, or other foods
tutelary
of or pertaining to a guardian or guardianship
tyro
novice, beginner
ukase
any order or proclamation by an absolute or arbitrary authority
unction
something soothing or comforting
unctuous
characterized by excessive piousness or moralistic fervor, esp. in an affected manner; excessively smooth, suave, or smug
unguent
an ointment or salve, usually liquid or semiliquid, for application to wounds, sores, etc
untoward
unfavorable or unfortunate, improper
unwonted
not customary or usual; rare
uxorious
excessively submissive or devoted to one's wife
vagary
a wandering or strolling, hence, a wandering of the thoughts; a wild or fanciful freak; a whim; a whimsical purpose.
vainglorious
characterized by or exhibiting excessive vanity; boastful
valedictory
a closing or farewell statement or address, especially one delivered at graduation exercises
valetudinarian
chronically ailing; sickly
vanguard
the position of greatest importance or advancement; the leading position in any movement or field, the foremost position in an army or fleet advancing into battle
vassal
a person granted the use of land, in return for rendering homage, fealty, and usually military service or its equivalent to a lord or other superior; feudal tenant
venal
willing to be bribed
venial
able to be forgiven or pardoned; not seriously wrong, as a sin
verdigris
the green stuff on copper
vernal
relating to spring
virago
a loud-voiced, ill-tempered, scolding woman; shrew
viscid
sticky, viscous
vitiate
to spoil, to weaken the effectiveness of, to corrupt, to make invalid
vituperate
to use or address with harsh or abusive language
vociferous
crying out noisily; clamorous.
voluble
characterized by a ready and continuous flow of words; fluent; glib; talkative
votary
a devoted follower or admirer
vouchsafe
to grant or give, as by favor, graciousness, or condescension, to allow or permit, to deign
waggish
roguish in merriment and good humor; jocular
wastrel
a wasteful person; spendthrift
welter
to roll, toss, or heave, as waves or the sea, to lie bathed in or be drenched in something, to become deeply or extensively involved
yeoman
a petty officer in a navy, having chiefly clerical duties in the U.S. Navy, (British) a farmer who cultivates his own land.
perspicacious
having keen mental perception and understanding
prescience
foresight, knowledge of things before they happen