Chapter 19 Milady cosmo
Terms in this set (50)
If burnt with a match it will either ball up and melt, extinguishing itself or it will continue to flame and burn out very quickly (no odor).
If burnt with a match it will burn slowly, giving off a distinctive odor.
Some advantages of _________ hair are; more realistic appearance, greater durability, same styling and maintenance requirements as natural hair.
These are the __________ of human hair; human hair reacts to the climate, hair needs to be reset after shampooing, color will oxidize, can break and split if mistreated.
T/F The most expensive wigs, hairpieces and extensions are made of human hair.
India and Asia
What two regions of the world provide most commercial human hair?
12 to 16
Indian hair is usually available in lengths from ___ to ___ inches.
12 to 28
Asian hair is available in lengths from ___ to ___ inches.
Also known as Remi hair, where the root end of every single strand is sewn into the base , so that the cuticles of the hair all move in the same direction: down.
Hair is not turned, so the cuticals of the strand will move in different directions, makes it tangle.
A ____ can be defined as an artificial covering for the head consisting of a network of interwoven hair.
Hair piece, Attachment
If a hair addition does not fully cover the head, it is either a ________ which is a small wig used to cover the top or crown of the head, or a hair _________ of some sort.
Two basic categories of wigs.
_____ wigs are constructed with an elasticized mesh-fiber base to which the hair is attached.
Individual strands of hair are inserted into a mesh foundation and knotted with a needle, which means a cap wig has been _________.
______ wigs are machine-made from human or artificial hair.
Long strips of hair with a threaded edge are known as ______.
What kind of wig is ready-to-wear and less expensive?
A client with extremely thin hair or no hair should get a ___ wig.
hand tied or hand knotted
Made by inserting individual strands of hair into a mesh foundation and knotting them with a needle.
Semi hand tied
Constructed with a combination of synthetic hair and hand tied human hair
Made by feeding wefts through a sewing machine and then sewing them together to form the wig's base and shape.
The most flexible and versatile of all patterns is the _______ wig.
__________wigs are sewn in an exact direction, offering no versatility.
taking clients measurements
The creation of a custom made wig begins with..
Custom styled or trimmed
No matter what type of wig is used, every wig needs to be adjusted to the head and _______________to suit the client.
A _____ is a head- shaped form, usually made of canvas-covered cork or styrofoam, on which the wig is secured for fitting, coloring, and sometimes styling.
T/F The block is best attached to the work area with a swivel clamp.
Make hair look natural
When cutting a wig, generally the goal is to..
Basic methods of haircutting
When cutting and trimming wigs these are the ________________ you should follow; Use the same sectioning and elevations as on a real head of hair or you can cut free form on dry hair.
When __________ cutting, vertical sections create lightness, diagonal sections create a rounder beveled edge, and horizontal sections build heavier weight.
Free form cutting is usually done on dry hair, which allows you to see more easily how the hair will fall.
When using heat on a human hair wig, always set the styling tool to ___.
Traditionally, brushes made with __________ have been regarded as best for use on human hair.
level 1 or black
Most commercially available wigs are what colors?
If you are going to custom color a wig, use hair that has been decolorized through the ______, process not with ______ dyes.
Hair in which the cuticle is absent is very ______ and will react to color in an extreme manner.
Always ______ test hair before a full color application.
They sit on top of the clients head, covering a portion of it, or clip onto another area such as the nape. Usually attached by temporary methods.
A __________ hairpiece has openings in the base through which the clients own hair is pulled to blend with the natural or synthetic hair of the hairpiece.
A ______ is a small wig used to cover the top and crown of the head.
______ hairpieces, which include things like ponytails, chignons, and cascades, are a great salon product for special occasions, or for use as fashion accessories.
____________ are hair additions that are secured to the base of the clients natural hair to add length, volume, texture, or color.
Braid and sew method
In the ______________, hair extensions are secured to the clients own hair by sewing braids or a weft onto an on the scalp braid or cornrow, sometimes called the track.
In the braid and sew method the ______ of the track determines how the hair will fall.
It is best to place the tracks or braids __ inch behind the hairline.
straight or curved
Two types of sewing needles are..
The easiest stitch for sewing extensions to a track.
______ involves attaching hair wefts or single strands with an adhesive or bonding agent.
_________ method is done by bonding extension hair to clients own hair with a bonding material that is activated by the heat from a special tool.