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20th Century Music
Terms in this set (55)
The is a style genre that focuses on "stopping and smelling the roses"...it's known for it's ability to generate moods and atmospheres
"anti bombast" "anti noise"...
this term stemmed from Debussi who was "offended by animal skins"
this is a french composer in impressionism
was a Russian-born, naturalized French, later naturalized American composer, pianist, and conductor. He composed "The Rite of Spring"
this was an itinerant ballet company from Russia which performed between 1909 and 1929 in many countries. The founder was Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilevt
a twentieth century style that combined elements of Classical and Baroque music with modernist trends
this is the scientific study of music, especially traditional or non-Western music, as an aspect of culture.
Called one of Hungary's greatest composers. He composed "Concerto for Orchestra"
Concerto for Orchestra
is a five-movement musical work for orchestra composed by Béla Bartók in 1943
Second Viennese School
group of composers, that comprised Arnold Schoenberg and his pupils and close associates in early 20th century Vienna.
Member of the Second Vienesse School. He was an Austrian composer. He composed expressionistic operas.
This was the man who developed Serial ism. Member of the Second Viennese School. He was an Austrian composer and conductor.
The method of musical composition by Arnold Schoenberg. The technique
The greek equivalent of twelve tone
strict employement of a series of pitches. You have to adhere to that pattern of pitches
Austian born composer, teacher and visual artist. He was largely self taught. He invented atonality, serialism. He was offered a double salart at UCLA & USC
Prepared piano 428
An instrument created by John Cage from a grand piano. He adds nuts, bolts, leather, and other pieces of material to the strings to create different sounds
Schoenberg's early works are in what style?
His early style was late romantic.
What technique of Brahms did Schoenberg use to give coherence to atonal music?
developing variation is the technique Schoenberg used that was Brahms originally.
Which work of Schoenberg's is his first completely 12-tone piece?
Piano Suite OP 25 is Schoenberg's first complete 12-tone piece.
Alban Berg composer combined
atonality with elements of late Romantic music
Webern's music was most influential on composers working
After World War II to the late 1960's.
Stravinsky's late works employ which technique?
His late works used serialism, or serial technique; twelve-tone
The members of Les Six were inspired by the music of which French composer?
Which was the leading source of income for U.S. composers after W.W. II?
Schools and Universities
total serialism: this term is associated with
musique concrete, percussion, and sirens -
Varese is the composer associated with this term.
Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun
linked Romantic Era with 20th century
Used dissonant chords that DID NOT resolve
One Opera, Pelleas et Melisande
Debussy's French Contemporary
Rite of Spring and Firebird and Petruska
adopted 12 tone system
Clear dry tone color with strong beat
Classical Symphony (1917) sounded 18th century
abandoned traditional tonal system
created 12 tone system
Appointed to Prussian Academy of Arts
Survivor from Warsaw
Student of Schoenberg
Atonal Opera, Wozzeck 1825
student of Schoenberg
first wrote atonal music, then adopted 12 tone system
5 Pieces for Orchestra is atonal
music inspired by east european folk song
recorded hundreds of peasant folk songs
used rondo, fugue, and sonata form
Concerto for Orchestra is a piece for orchestra of virtuosos
Creator of chance music
invented prepared piano
balance and clarity
Performed Stravinksys Firebird and Rite of Spring
2nd Viennese School
The technique of composing with a series, a fixed arrangement of pitches or rhythms held throughout a serial composition. Generally a twelve-tone series.
Each note of the melody is played by a different instrument
nationalism in music
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it, inclusion of folk songs, dances, leglends, and other national material in a compsotion to associate it with the composer's homeland; character of romatnic music.
Method of composing in which all pitches of a composition are derived from a special ordering of the 12 chromatic tones (tone row or set), developed by Schoenberg in the early 1920's.
Method of composing that uses an ordered group of musical elements to organize rhythm, dynamics, and tone color, as well as pitch. Developed in the mid-20th century.
Period marked by extreme violence and progress, rapid changes and new breaks in tradition of the arts, new technologies, equal representation, significance of non-Western cultures, and blurring of boundaries between elite and popular cultures.
French poetry style that emphasized fluidity, suggestion, and the purely musical effects of words.
Early school of electronic music in Paris 1945-1960. Recorded real world sounds and shaped/manipulated them into a composition.
-French impressionist composer; considered most important French composer of his time.
-Not well known until 1902 with opera Pelleas et Melisande
-Studied at Paris Conservatory from ages 10-22; exposed to Parisian impressionist paintings.
-Music stressed tone color, atmosphere and fluidity (characteristics of impressionism)
-Wrote Afternoon of a Faun
-Linked Romantic and 20th century eras
-1884: Won Prix de Rome
-Legendary Russian composer; regarded as world's greatest composer.
-Riot at premier of Rite of Spring; disliked by audience
-Use of irregular meters and polymeters, ostinatos, and polytonality.
-Dramatic changes of style throughout career: Primitivism, Neo Classicism, Neo Romanticism, 12-tone
-American avant garde composer
-Prominent during late 1960's
-Taught composition at University of Pennsylvania
-Music is personal and emotionally intense
-Wrote Ancient Voices of Children
-French born/American raised; great innovator of 20th century music
-Wrote first important work for percussion ensemble
-1958 composed Poeme Electronique at age 75; one of earliest masterpieces of electronic music created in tape studio; designed to be heard within pavilion of the Philips Radio Corporation at 1958 Brussel's World Fair.
-American composer; highly influential creator of chance music.
-Invented the prepared piano.
-Wrote Sonatas & Interludes (1946-1948); best known and most widely performed and recorded work
-Famous Austrian composer
-self taught; "addict of Wagner"
-1904 taught theory/composition at Vienna Conservatory
-1908 abandoned traditional tonality system
-Wrote Pierrot Lunaire
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