AP English Lit Poetry Terminology
Terms in this set (58)
the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference.
a word, phrase, or statement which contains more than one meaning.
a person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else.
a term used when a speaker directly addresses someone or something that isn't present in the poem.
is the repetition of a vowel sound or diphthong in non-rhyming words
a poem that is typically arranged in quatrains with the rhyme scheme ABAB and are usually narratives.
is when a writer or a poet falls into inconsequential and absurd metaphors, descriptions or ideas in an effort to be increasingly emotional or passionate.
defined as un-rhyming verse written in iambic pentameter.
refers to the use of words with sharp, harsh, hissing and unmelodious sounds primarily those of consonants to achieve desired results.
is a pause in a line of poetry that is formed by the rhythms of natural speech rather than by metrics.
refers to a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends.
rhetorical device in which two or more clauses are balanced against each other by the reversal of their structures in order to produce an artistic effect.
refers to a meaning that is implied by a word apart from the thing which it describes explicitly.
a kind of metaphor that compares two very unlike things in a surprising and clever way.
is a literary device which can be defined as having two successive rhyming lines in a verse and has the same meter to form a complete thought.
literal or dictionary meanings of a word in contrast to its connotative or associated meanings.
can be defined as style of speaking or writing determined by the choice of words by a speaker or a writer.
works that often have morals to impart or are written to teach us something about religion, philosophy, history, or politics.
a form of literature which can be defined as a poem or song in the form of elegiac couplets,
End Stopped Line
occurs when a line of poetry ends with a period or definite punctuation mark, such as a colon.
refers to the practice of running lines of poetry from one to the next without using any kind of punctuation to indicate a stop
a long narrative poem, often written about a hero or heroines
the use of words and phrases that are distinguished as having a wide range of noteworthy melody or loveliness in the sounds they create.
a rhyme that matches two or more syllables, usually at the end of respective lines.
a combination of stressed and unstressed syllables.
poetry that is free from limitations of regular meter or rhythm and does not rhyme with fixed forms.
A figurative language technique used to exaggerate or stretch the truth.
a simple descriptive work in poetry or prose that deals with rustic life or pastoral scenes or suggests a mood of peace and contentment
use of vivid and descriptive language to add depth to their work
metrical lines in which its middle words and its end words rhymes with each other.
a literary technique in which the normal order of words is reversed in order to achieve a particular effect of emphasis or meter.
the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite.
is a figure of speech which employs an understatement by using double negatives
a type of emotional songlike poetry, distinguished from dramatic and narrative poetry
a rhyme of final stressed syllables
Comparing two unlike things without using like or as
unit of rhythm in poetry, the pattern of the beats.
a figure of speech that replaces the name of a thing with the name of something else with which it is closely associated.
a literary technique that is lyrical in nature, but not very lengthy.
a word, which imitates the natural sounds of a thing.
a figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect.
It is a statement that appears to be self-contradictory or silly but may include a latent truth.
A restatement of speech or writing that retains the basic meaning while changing the words.
It refers to the characters in a play or theatre who put on their "theatrical masks" in order to be someone else.
A figure of speech where things are given human qualities
is the study of meter, intonation and rhythm of a poetic work
a play on words in which a humorous effect is produced by using a word that suggests two or more meanings or by exploiting similar sounding words having different meanings.
a verse with four lines, or even a full poem containing four lines
a poet's deliberate pattern of lines that rhyme with other lines in a poem or a stanza.
refers to the process of analyzing a poem's meter.
A figure of speech comparing two unlike things using like or as
has 14 fourteen lines and is written in iambic pentameter.
is a division of four or more lines having a fixed length
An object or idea that has its own signifying meaning and adds meaning to a work as a whole.
a literary device in which a part of something represents the whole or it may use a whole to represent a part
is the central topic a text treats
is an attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience.