Biodiversity Quiz Review

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Gene
A portion of DNA that is the basic unit of heredity.
Keystone Species
A species that is critical to an ecosystem and the survival of other species.
Ecotourism
A form of tourism that supports the conservation and sustainable development of ecologically unique areas.
Endangered Species
A species that has been identified to be in danger of extinction.
Threatened Species
A species that is likely to become endangered in the future.
Exotic Species
A species that is not native to a region.
Poaching
The illegal taking of wildlife.
Endangered Species Act
Passed in 1973 by the US Congress to protect any plant or animal species in danger of extinction.
Endemic Species
A species that is native to a particular place.
Habitat Conservation Plan
A land use plan that attempts to protect threatened or endangered species in an area.
Some Benefits of Biodiversity
Food, medicine, clothing, shelter
Groups in Danger of Extinction
Small populations, migrating species, specialized habitats
Human Activities that Cause Extinction
Habitat destruction, poaching, exotic species
Locations of Critical Biodiversity Hotspots
Islands, tropical rainforests, coastal areas
Best Way to Save Species
Protecting their habitats
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