62 terms

Mid term

chapters 1-6 Heritage studies 6th grade
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Terms in this set (...)

shell inlay
a craft of the Mesopotamian that contained white shells pressed into softened tar to make a design
flax
Egyptian mummies were wrapped in linen that was made from a plant that is also used to produce linseed oil. What is the common name of this plant: canola, flax, wheat?
"big brother"
Sumerian tutor
cuneiform
A form of writing developed by the Sumerians using a wedge shaped stylus and clay tablets.
irrigation
Process in which water is artificially supplied to the land
archeologist
An expert who studies the past by examining objects that people have left behind
polytheistic
Belief in many gods
city-state
A small independent state consisting of an urban center and the surrounding agricultural territory. A characteristic political form in early Mesopotamia, Archaic and Classical Greece, Phoenicia, and early Italy.
tablet-house
a Sumerian school building
stylus
A needlelike tool used in engraving and incising; also, an ancient writing instrument used to inscribe clay or wax tablets.
zigguart
Sumerian temple built to honor their chief god
excavation
Digging in an area of ground to uncover the archaeological record.
A.D.
An abbreviation used with date, indicating how many years have passed since the birth of Jesus. It stands from anno Domini, a latin phrase meaning "in the year of our Lord."
vizier
A high government official in ancient Egypt or in Muslim countries
nilometer
used to measure water level of the Nile
hieroglyphics
A system of writing in which pictorial symbols represented sounds, syllables, or concepts. It was used for official and monumental inscriptions in ancient Egypt. Because of the long period of study required to master this system, literacy in hieroglyphics was confined to a relatively small group of scribes and administrators. Cursive symbol-forms were developed for rapid composition on other media, such as papyrus.
shadoof
a bucket attached to a long pole used to transfer river water to storage basins.
Hyksos
1st to invade Egypt; greatest contribution to Egyptian society was horses & chariots; everything they had was made of bronze; their invasion destroyed the Middle Kingdom
Rosetta Stone
A stone on which a passage was written in three languages,Greek,Egyptian Hieroglyphics,and a form of Egyptian cursive writing
Diaspora
A Greek word meaning 'dispersal,' used to describe the communities of a given ethnic group living outside their homeland. Jews, for example, spread from Israel to western Asia and Mediterranean lands in antiquity and today can be found in other places.
papyrus
A reed that grows along the banks of the Nile River in Egypt. From it was produced a coarse, paperlike writing medium used by the Egyptians and many other peoples in the ancient Mediterranean and Middle East.
Passover
Also known as Pasch; Jewish feast commemorating the deliverance of the Jewish people from death by the blood of the lamb sprinkled on the doorposts in Egypt, which the angel of death saw and passed over. The Eucharist celebrates the new Passover.
Vedas
Ancient Sanskrit writings that are the earliest sacred texts of Hinduism.
swastika
the official emblem of the Nazi Party and the Third Reich, Called Hakenkreuz in German. An ancient symbol used in India, Persia, Greece, and elsewhere as a religious emblem to ward off evil spirits. Using it as the official symbol of the Nazis, Hitler corrupted the meaning of the holy symbol to mean Aryan superiority
pantheism
Belief that the divine reality exists in everything
reincarnation
In Hinduism and Buddhism, the process by which a soul is reborn continuously until it achieves perfect understanding
caste
A Hindu social class system that controlled every aspect of daily life, a set of rigid social categories that determined not only a person's occupation and economic potential, but also his or her position in society
Buddha
"awakened one." Siddhartha Gautama and all others who have experienced enlightenment but, motivated by compassion, stop short of entering nirvana so as to help others achieve it. Created the Buddhist faith
compound
where the extended family lives together in an Indian village
Olympics
An ancient Greek festival in honor of the god Zeus, which took place every four years and featured competitions in athletics and poetry.
pedagogues
servants who accompanied wealthy boys to school in ancient Greece
dynasty
A sequence of powerful leaders in the same family
bureaucracy
A system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
mandarins
Chinese scholar-officials who had been trained in Confucian principles and possessed great class solidarity.
monsoons
seasonal wind patterns that cause wet and dry seasons
acupuncture
An ancient Chinese practice of inserting and rotating thin needles in various parts of the body in order to release natural healing energy.
communism
A political system characterized by a centrally planned economy with all economic and political power resting in the hands of the central government; an economic system in which the central government directs all major economic decisions- current government system in China
seismograph
A device that records ground movements caused by seismic waves as they move through Earth
Sir Leonard Woolley
English archaeologist who supervised the excavations at Ur (1880-1960)
Moses
(Old Testament) the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites from Egypt across the Red sea on a journey known as the Exodus
Jean Champollion
Frenchman and Egyptologist who studied the Rosetta stone and in 1821 became the first person to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics (1790-1832)
Tutankhamen
A pharaoh, or king of Egypt, who lived about 1400 B.C. His reign was relatively unimportant, but the discovery of his unplundered tomb in the 1920s is numbered among the great archaeological discoveries of all time.
Isis
Egyptian goddess who appealed especially to women. She promised life after death to people who were faithful
Samuel
Last Judge of the people of Israel anointed Saul the first king
Nebuchadnezzar
(Old Testament) king of Chaldea who captured and destroyed Jerusalem and exiled the Israelites to Babylonia (630?-562 BC)
Vespasian
Cesar of Rome who wanted to remove the Christians
Esther
A Persian queen and her cousin Mordecai are chief figures in the book of Esther. Saves her people from the evil Haman
Abraham
Father of the people of Israel, first covenant was made between him and God.
Joshua
- Leads people to the promise land because Moses couldn't go into the promise lan
Saul
(Old Testament) the first king of the Israelites who defended Israel against many enemies (especially the Philistines)
Solomon
David's son who was a great king. He built massive project in Israel including the Great Temple.
Judah Maccabeus
led surprise attacks on Syria and started the festival of Hanukkah to rededicate the temple to God- festival of lights
Issac
Son of Abraham father of the people of Israel
Joseph
sold by his brothers into slavery, he turned what man had intended for bad into good. He became the vizier to the Pharaoh and save Egypt and his people from a famine
Ezekiel
WHICH PROPHET WARNED THAT THE PHOENICIAN CITY OF TYRE WOULD BE DESTROYED
Aristotle
.(384-322 bc), Greek philosopher and scientist. A student of Plato and tutor to Alexander the Great, he founded a school (the Lyceum) outside Athens. He is one of the most influential thinkers in the history of Western thought. His surviving works cover a vast range of subjects, including logic, ethics, metaphysics, politics, natural science, and physics
Homer
Ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)
Socrates
Philosopher who believed in an absolute right or wrong; asked students pointed questions to make them use their reason, later became Socratic method.
Herodotus
(ca. 485-425 B.C.E.) Heir to the technique of historia- "investigation"- developed by Greeks in the late Archaic period. He came from a Greek community in Anatolia and traveled extensively, collecting information in western Asia and the Mediterranean lands. He traced the antecedents of and chronicled the Persian Wars between the Greek city-states and the Persian Empire, thus originating the Western tradition of historical writing.
Hippocrates
"Founder of Medicine" During the Golden Age in Greece he was a scientist that believed all diseases came from natural causes. He also had high ideals for physicians & an oath was made that is still used today.
The Muses
9 Greek goddesses of the arts
Confucius
(551-479 BCE) A Chinese philosopher known also as Kong Fuzi and created one of the most influential philosophies in Chinese history.