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Chapter 4: Using Common Linux Programs (Quiz)

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B, C, E. GNOME, KDE, and Xfce are all Linux desktop environments, so options B, C, and E are all correct. (Others include LXDE and Unity.) The GIMP Toolkit (GTK+) is a GUI programming library. Although GNOME and Xfce are both built atop GTK+, it's not a desktop environment, so option A is incorrect. Evolution is a Linux email client, not a desktop environment, so option D is incorrect.
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B, C, E. GNOME, KDE, and Xfce are all Linux desktop environments, so options B, C, and E are all correct. (Others include LXDE and Unity.) The GIMP Toolkit (GTK+) is a GUI programming library. Although GNOME and Xfce are both built atop GTK+, it's not a desktop environment, so option A is incorrect. Evolution is a Linux email client, not a desktop environment, so option D is incorrect.
B. The Network File System (NFS) was designed for exactly the task described in the question, so option B is correct. The Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) enables one computer to send email messages to another computer, so it's a poor choice for achieving the stated goal and option A is incorrect. The PHP: Hypertext Processor (PHP) language is used to generate dynamic content for web pages, so option C is incorrect. The Domain Name System (DNS) is a protocol for delivering the mappings between hostnames and IP addresses to computers, so it won't easily achieve the stated goals, making option D incorrect. The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) enables one computer to provide network configuration information to another one over a network link, so option E is incorrect.
C. The main language for the Linux kernel is C, so option C is correct. Although Bash shell scripts control much of the Linux startup process, these scripts are not part of the kernel, so option A is incorrect. Java is a popular language for web-based applications, but it's not used in the Linux kernel, so option B is incorrect. C++ is a derivative of C that adds object-oriented features to the language, but the Linux kernel uses regular C, not C++, so option D is incorrect. Perl is a popular interpreted language, particularly for tasks that involve processing text, but it's not the language of the Linux kernel, so option E is incorrect.