Chapter 13 Quiz Review Changes on the Western Frontier
Terms in this set (...)
Homestead Act How does this impact Native Americans?
1862 - Provided free land in the West to anyone willing to settle there and develop it. Encouraged westward migration. Had to settle for five years and make improvements. This law allowed white settlers to take much of the land set aside for Native Americans.
Chisholm Trail Allowed growth of cattle industry.
Long drive route that allowed cattle industry to develop because it provided a route from Texas to a shipping yard in Abilene, Kansas.
Dawes Act 1887
Law that tried to make Native Americans assimilate into American culture. Tried to get Native Americans to become farmers, separated children from parents and sent them to school. N.A. not allowed to speak in their own language.
Soddy or Sod Home
Home on the prairie that was made from prairie sod. Provided shelter but was small, dark, and airless. Snakes and insects lived in the walls.
Federal law that gave Western states land and money to build agricultural and engineering colleges. Helped build agricultural colleges.
Oliver Hudson Kelley Founder of the Grange
Farmer who founded the Grange. At first, was a social and support club for farmers, but it turned into an organization that supported political issues. Demonstrated that people could organize politically and effect change.
Bimetallism Money supported by gold and silver.
Farmers believed that money should be backed by both gold and silver. This would put more money in circulation and stimulate the buying of products and goods. People would have more money to spend.
William Jennings Bryan
Presidential candidate who lost the presidential election of 1896.
Law that gave 160 acres free to any head of household.
Battle of Wounded Knee
1890: 300 unarmed Sioux (Native American) were massacred. This "battle" marked the end of the Indian wars.