Academic Vocabulary for Social Studies
Words you should know to understand social studies
Terms in this set (118)
to give up a position, right, or power
political, economic or military alignment of nations; promotes the common interests of members (ex: NATO)
Nations that agree to a political, economic, or military alignment to promote or protect a common interest
A change to the Constitution
Assimilation into American culture
a lack of government and law
hostility toward or discrimination against Jews as a religious, ethnic, or racial group
Giving in to a competitor's demands in order to keep the peace.
Nations build their military and weapons to keep up with or defend against a threatening or rival nation
to adopt the ways of another culture : to fully become part of a different society, country, etc.
combative; quarrelsome; waging war
A personal preference or point of view
the isolation by a warring nation of an enemy area (as a harbor) by troops or warships to prevent passage of persons or supplies;
A plan for making and spending money
Gold and silver in the form of bars
Economic system in which most of the means of production are privately owned, and production is guided and income distributed largely through the operation of markets. free-market
A code of behavior for knights in medieval Europe, stressing ideals such as courage, loyalty, and devotion
the rights that every person should have regardless of his or her sex, race, or religion
The buying and selling of goods
buying and selling of goods and services; concerned with earning money
An item of trade or commerce, especially an agricultural or a mining product; something valuable, useful
political and economic system in which the government owns all property and makes all economic decisions
A political system in which states or regional governments retain ultimate authority except for those powers they expressly delegate to a central government.
relating to a set of principles governing a state; allowed by a country's constitution
A person who buys and uses goods and services
a culture with values and customs that are very different from and usually opposed to those accepted by most of society;
to foster the growth of
an amount (such as an amount of money) that is less than the amount that is needed
based on or according to the law
A person authorized to represent others.
A government by the rule of the many
expel from a country
The ending of authorized segregation, or separation by race.
A policy of reducing Cold War tensions that was adopted by the United States during the presidency of Richard Nixon.
The art and practice of conducting negotiations between nations without arousing hostility
Behaving differently, usually unfairly, toward the members of a group.
Having to do with the home
(law) the administration of justice according to established rules and principles
relating to the production and management of material wealth (money)
A government order imposing a trade barrier
happen or occur afterward or as a result
adjective relating to conditions and surroundings; also the social and cultural forces that shape the life of a person or a population.
An increase in the magnitude or intensity
A social division based on national origin, religion, language, and often race.
an act that exploits or victimizes someone (treats them unfairly)
a way of organizing a society in which a government ruled by a dictator controls the lives of the people and in which people are not allowed to disagree with the government
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
A formal association containing many individual groups or countries
Relating to public revenue; financial matters in general
A nation's overall plan for dealing with other nations
Is the study of the earth,how it shapes peoples lives and is shaped in turn by peoples activities.
to cover (something) with a thin layer of gold
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler, A large-scale destruction, especially by fire; a vast slaughter; a burnt offering
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
Combine, unite; form a legal corporation; embody, give physical form to
Development of a system which supports machine production of goods
Existing as a natural part of something.
An improvement of an existing technological product, system, or method of doing something.
An open revolt against legal authority; a rebellion.
becoming involved in the internal affairs of another country.
A policy of avoiding political or military involvement with other countries
East-west lines parallel to the equator used to measure distance in degrees north or south of the equator
A state of freedom reached after a struggle
one who leads an immoral life
Distance east or west of the prime meridian, measured in degrees
A belief something is meant to happen; evident; obvious
A set of economic principles based on policies which stress government regulation of economic activities to benefit the home country
A movement from one country or region to another
A form of government in which power is vested in hereditary kings and queens
Corporations that gain complete control of the production of a single good or service.
Journalists who attempted to find corruption or wrongdoing in industries and expose it to the public.
starting to develop; coming into existence
Devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation
A policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
A position of not taking sides in a conflict
to make useless; cancel; invalid
A government ruled by a few powerful people.
A formal agreement between two countries; a bargain
Lover of humanity; person active in promoting human welfare
pertaining to or involving the state or its government; having a definite policy or system of government
the political doctrine that supports the rights and powers of the common people in their struggle with the privileged elite
An artifact made at the time of the event
A group of reform movements of the late 1800s that focused on urban problems, the plight of workers, and corrupt political machines
the period from 1920 to 1933 when the sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the United States by a constitutional amendment
An increase in number, multiplication
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
A limited or fixed number as a part of a total
A person with extreme views
A great change for the better in public affairs. To improve or amend what is wrong or corrupt.
a government in power; a form or system of rule or management; a period of rule
Having to do with a belief in a higher being
("rebirth") Period of renewed interest in art and learning in Europe
A form of government in which the people select representatives to govern them and make laws.
land set aside by the United States government for Native Americans
All income that a business receives over a period of time.
Expressions of approval or disapproval given to people for upholding or violating norms
A disgraceful event
behavior that promotes rebellion or civil disorder against the state
Separation of people based on racial, ethnic, or other differences
pertaining to human society, the interaction of the individual and the group
Identify clearly and definitely
A system for buying and selling stocks in corporations.
To conquer by force, bring under complete control
farming that provides for the basic needs of the farmer without surpluses for marketing
A country powerful enough to influence events throughout the world
A tax on imported goods
Abstinence from alcohol
A political system in which the government has total control over the lives of individual citizens.
a formal agreement between two or more states in reference to peace, alliance, commerce, or other international relations.
A final proposal or statement of conditions
A place where organized meetings take place
a fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers
A planning tool used to separate industry and business from residential neighborhoods.
promote; take up; support