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Terms in this set (67)
Why do you need to know the entire MDMP processs before you take shortcuts?
So Commanders know when and where to assume risk
Name 5 COA Screening Criteria.
Assumptions must be:
valid, necessary (for continued plannning)
Minimum requirements of WARNO 1
1. Type of Operation
2. Location of the operation
3. Initial Timeline
4. Movement/ Recon to initiate
What is the most important step of MDMP and why
Mission Analysis; so you understand the purpose of the operation
Name the Operational Variables (Acronym).
What are the Mission Variables (Acronym)?
What is the acronym for Civil Considerations?
ASCOPE (Areas, Structures, Capabilities, Organizations, People, Events)
What does PMESII-PT stand for?
Political, Military, Economic, Social, Information, Infrastructure, Physical Environment, Time
What does METT-TC stand for?
Mission, Enemy, Terrain and Weather, Troops and Support Available, Time Available, Civil Considerations
What does ASCOPE stand for?
Areas, Structures, Capabilities, Organizations, People, Events,
What is the Area of Influence?
Geographic are wherein a commander is directly capable of influencing operations by manuever or fire support normally under Commanders command or control.
What is the Area of Interest (AOI)?
Geographical area from which information and intelligence are required to permit planning or conduct command's operation
Incldues: area of influence, areas adjacent to, and extend into enemy territory.
Avenues of approach are developed by?
Group mobility corridors to form avenues of approach
locality or area the seizure, retention, or control of which affords a marked advantage to either combatant
Decisive terrain is KEY TERRAIN that has extraordinary impact on the mission. Decisive terrain is relatively rare and will not be present in every situation. To designate terrain as decisive is to recognize that the successful accomplishment of the mission, whether offensive or defensive, depends on seizing or retaining it. The commander designates decisive terrain to communicate its importance in his concept of operations, first to his staff and later, to subordinate commanders.
What are the three war-gaming methods/ ways to analyze terrain?
1.Belt method/ technique
2. Avenue-in-depth method/technique
3. Box method/ technique
When would you use a belt method?
The shape of each belt is based on the factors of METT-TC. The belt method works best when conducting offensive and defensive operations on terrain divided into well-defined cross-compartments,
during phased operations (such as gap crossings, air assaults, or airborne operations), or when the enemy isdeployed in clearly defined belts or echelons. Belts can be adjacent to or overlap each other.
What is a high-payoff target?
Targets whose loss to the THREAT COMMANDER will contribute to the success of the friendly COA.
What is a high-value target?
Assets that the threat commander REQUIRES for the successful completion of a specific COA.
What do threat models do?
Depict how threat forces prefer to conduct operatiosn under ideal conditions.
What is a threat template?
Illustrate the preferred deployment pattern and disposition of the threat's normal tactics when not constrained by the effects of the battlefield environmental.
What is situation template?
Depicts how the enemy might deploy and operate within the constraints imposed by weather and terrain.
What is a Named Area of Interest (NAI)?
Geographical area where information will satisfy a specific informaton requirement (PIR) can be collected. The can be points on the ground, portions of the route, or larger area.
Guide for collection and R&S planning. It depicts where to collect the information that will indcate which COA the threat has adopted
What is a time phase line?
Lines used to represent the movment of forces or the flow of an operation over time. Ex: 2 hour intervals.
What are essentials tasks?
Specified or implied tasks that must be execute to accomplish the mission. Essential task = in the mission statement.
Difference between BPT and O/O mission?
BPT: you may do the mission
O/O: you will do the mission but at an unspecified time
Difference between CCIR, PIR, FFIR, EEFI.
CCIR: information requirement identified by the CDR as being critical to decision-making. Includes PIR and FFIR
PIR: identify the information about the enemy and other aspects of the operational environment.
FFIR: information about the status of friendly forces and supporting capabilities.
EEFI; information they want protected as essential elements of friendly information
What is a benchmark?
A value that defines the desired state or "good" for a solution in terms of a particular criterion.
What requirements to assess in combat power?
Requires assessing both tangible and intangible factors, such as morale and training
Your COA must defeat:
The enemy most-likely, most-probable, and most-dangerous COA
Density recommendations in counterinsurgency operations are?
20-25 counterinsurgents for every 1,000 residents within an AO
Span of control of a HQ?
HQ control at least 2 subordinate units but not more than 5.
What is a COA Sketch and statement?
COA statement: clearly portrays how the unit will accomplish the mission and is a brief expression of how the combined arms concept will be conducted.
COA Sketch: picture of movement and manuver aspects of the concept
Correct answer: COA sketch and statement
Identify Synch Matrix and purpose is:
Tool used to record results of war-gaming
What War-Gaming technique can be modified and used as a LOE for war-gaming?
Identify a Decision Matrix
Tool to compare and evaluate COA
Ref on 2-49
If you phase an OPORD in paragraph 3 then what else has to be phased
All paragraphs, subparagraphs, annexes, appendices, tabs will also be phased
Why is IPB conducted? What step of MDMP?
to understand the enemy, terrain, and key civil consideration;
Substep 2 of Step 2 (Mission analysis)
Identify event template
SITEMP 1 + 2 + 3 = Event Template
Graphical control measures make up decision support template
Time phase line, named area of interest, target areas of interest, decision points (pg 3-38)
What two factors will you analyze when you evaluate the terrain?
How it affects you and how it affects the enemy
When will you find things listed in Coordinating Instructions of an order?
When it applies to 2 or more units not covered in SOPs
Acceptable time saving techniques
Increase CDR involvement, limit number of COAs, maximize parallel planning, increase collaborative planning, use LNOs
Are BPT or o/o missions in mission statements?
Components of Commanders Intent
Purpose, Key Tasks, and Endstate
Endstate of mission statement components;
Desired conditions that CDR wants to meet
Enemy, terrain, and civilian consideration
Valid and necessary
Techniques to record war-gaming
Sketch, synch matrix
Good mission statement has:
5 W's and is short and concise
What can TAIs be used for?
Target enemy asset
What IPB product/tool assists staff in developing ISR plan?
What is a critical event?
Passage of lines, commit reserves
Layer MCOO + Enemy COA =
What are constraints
Limitations put on by higher
What category of necessary but unknown information is associated with NAIs?
NAI: geographical area where information that will satisfy a specific information requirement can be collected
Know what a doctrinal template/threat template is.
Doctrinal templates illustrate the disposition and activity of adversary forces and assets conducting a particular operation unconstrained by the effects of the battlespace. They represent the application of adversary doctrine under ideal conditions. Ideally, doctrinal templates depict the threat's normal organization for combat, frontages, depths, boundaries and other control measures, assets available from other commands, objective depths, engagement areas, battle positions, and so forth. Doctrinal templates are usually scaled to allow ready use with geospatial products.
What type of war-gaming method used different operations?
Belt Method: offense and defense or terrain with well-defined cross-compartments
Avenue-in-depth: offensive COA or defense when canalyzing terrain
Box: analysis of critical area
Ref: 2-41, smartbook
What warfighting function are MP
Definition of staff estimate
Continuous assessment of current situtation and future operations
Specified task: tasks assigned by higher
Implied task: must be accomplished to accomplish a specified task but not specifically stated by higher
Devoloping options for COA development focus on what
How many levels down must CDR intent undestood?
Geographical area where HVT can be engaged can be acquired and engaged by friendly forces
Target Area of Interest
Staff sections identifies information themes and messages
When should risk management begin?
Step 2, Mission Analysis