Defense Mechanisms


Terms in this set (...)

Protecting oneself from an unpleasant reality by refusing to recognize or acknowledge it.

Ex: Your friend is talking behind your back, and you don't want to believe it.
Unconsciously preventing painful or dangerous thoughts from entering awareness.

Ex: abuse, near death event
Transferring feeling about one person to another person.

Ex: You are mad from a hard day of work, and come home to yell at your boyfriend.
Attributing one's own feelings, shortcomings, or unacceptable impulses on others. Or placing blame on someone else to avoid admitting a mistake.

Ex: An unfaithful husband suspects his wife of infidelity.
Reaction Formation
Preventing dangerous impulses from being expressed in behavior by exaggerating opposite behavior.

Ex: A girl is really upset, but acts really happy.
(sarcasm can count, too.)
Retreating to an earlier level of development or to earlier, less demanding habits or situations.

Ex: In an argument with parent, and stomp off like a little kid...immaturity
Justifying your behavior by giving reasonable and "rational" but false, reasons for it. Making excuses

Ex: giving excuses, day a paper is due...printer "breaks" or dog ate it
Working off unmet desires, or unacceptable impulses, in activities that are constructive.
Ex: Gets really angry and work out at gym to work out anger....
or writing songs like Taylor Swift
defense mechanisms
in psychoanalytic theory, the ego's protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality
a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. The id operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification.
the largely conscious, "executive" part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality. The ego operates on the reality principle, satisfying the id's desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain.
the part of personality that, according to Freud, represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment (the conscience) and for future aspirations

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