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TE 150 Exam 2 2018
Terms in this set (71)
the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
8 dimensions of culture
1. Time and its control. 2. task vs relationship. 3. change. 4.personal control over destiny. 5.self sufficiency. 6.status. 7. language. 8.individualism
Time and its control
other cultures have more of a relaxed view of time than ours.
Task v. Relationship
in some cultures they build rapport rather than focus on the task
to make or become different for the better. other cultures may find change disruptive and unpredictable
Personal control over destiny
You control your destiny. other cultures may believe everything happens for a reason
the ability to fulfill all of one's needs without assistance, show self determination. some other cultures are different and rely on interdependence and family values
A social position that a person holds. some other cultures are particular about addressing their title(Mr.)
giving priority to ones goals over the groups goals.
you only see part of the iceberg. as in seeing the surface of culture. the deeper values lie beneath
Individualist cultures tend to value _____; collectivist cultures tend to value _____.
Belief in the superiority of one's nation or ethnic group.
the belief that groups and subcultures are inherently equal
Bennett's Model of Intercultural Sensitivity
to test intercultural sensitivity. (between the 6 stages)
6 stages of DMIS
Denial, Defense, Minimization, Acceptance, Adaption, Integration
F*ck the other cultures because theirs is the only real one. disinterested in cultural differences
one's own culture (or adopted culture) is experienced as the most "evolved form of civilization, or at least the only good way to live.
Cultural self-awareness: ability to experience culture as context; awareness of our own cultural beliefs, values, and perceptions. Melting pot
People are able to experience others being different from them but equally human.
State in which the experience of another culture yields perception and behavior appropriate to that culture. can be empathetic.
State in which one's experience of self is expanded to include the movement in and out of different cultural worldviews.
honeymoon stage of culture shock
You are very positive, curious, and anticipate new exciting experiences. You even idealize the host culture.
You start to feel that what is different is actually inferior. You blame your frustration on the culture, and not the adjustment
you relax a bit and start to take a more objective view of the culture
you feel a new sense of belonging and sensitivity toward the host culture
Re-entry shock(not on the test maybe)
you go home and its not what you expected it to be
the components of culturally relevant pedagogy
1.Students must experience academic success.
2.Students must develop/maintain their cultural competence.
3.Students must develop a critical consciousness to challenge the status quo.
wUt WoUld tHiS LoOk lIke iN PrAcTicE
basically relating the teaching/lesson to the students culture
the ability to interact effectively with people of different cultures
despite the current social inequities and hostile classroom environments, students must build their academic skills
excellent teach-ers help students "develop a broader sociopolitical consciousness that allows them to critique the social norms, values, mores, and institutions that produce and main-tain social inequities"
disparity on a number of educational measures between the performance of groups of students, especially groups defined by gender, race, ethnicity, ability, and socioeconomic status
unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses within a group or society
A negative attitude toward an entire category of people, often an ethnic or racial minority.
Behaving differently, usually unfairly, toward the members of a group. usually because or race, ethnicity, etc.
when individuals are in situations in which a stereo-type applies, they bear an extra emotional and cognitive burden—the possibility of confirming the stereotype
behavior that shows favoritism toward one gender over the other
Identity with a group of people descended from a common ancestor.
A social division based on national origin, religion, language, and often race.
Socioeconomic status; combined total measure of a person's work experience and of an individual's or family's economic and social position in relation to others
Belief that one race is superior to another. Discriminating upon a group because of this mindset.
person doesn't identify with either culture
person identifies with their home culture and not the host culture.
person who identifies with the host country and leaves behind their previous practices to adapt fully to the new culture.
person who identifies with both home and host culture by "code switching."
Gender vs. Sex
sex is biologically determined(genetically determined) and gender is socially constructed.
one's sense of being male or female
expectations about how people should behave in gender conforming ways
a person's sexual identity in relation to the gender to which they are attracted; the fact of being heterosexual, homosexual, or bisexual
attitudes or stereotypes that affect our understanding, actions, and decisions in an unconscious manner
Implicit Association Test (IAT)
A computer-driven assessment of implicit attitudes. The test uses reaction times to measure people's automatic associations between attitude objects and evaluative words. Easier pairings (and faster responses) are taken to indicate stronger unconscious associations.
5 strategies for changing implicit bias
1. Being aware of your biases so you can interrupt them.
2. teach others about implicit bias
3. Notice implicit bias in the real world
4. Plan to move forward, develop habits and goals
5. Learn from those who speak up.
our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning
components of language
vocabulary, sounds and pronunciation, syntax, and pragmatics, metalinguistic awareness
Knowledge and skills relating to reading that children usually develop from experience with books and other print media before the beginning of formal reading instruction in school.
The emergent literacy skills of language, narrative, conventions of print, and emergent reading
The emergent literacy skills of knowledge of graphemes, phonological awareness, syntactic awareness, phoneme-grapheme correspondence, and emergent writing.
how dual language development occurs
1. begins early in life (before age 5); 2. occurs across a wide and rich range of contexts; and 3. is systematic, consistent, and sustained in the home and community.
the impact learning multiple languages has on milestones
Children learning two languages will reach the same milestones in both languages as monolingual children.
benefits of bilingualism
cognitive flexibility, creativity, language skills, attention control
basic communication and conversation skills
being able to speak fluently in a particular language
The language of a particular discipline; involves both terms and concepts important in that discipline. Goes deeper than basic communication.
A point in time when an individual is like a sponge for absorbing information
Point in time that if you don't learn something then, you never will.
dialects in the classroom
learning is better and more successful when conducted in the variety spoken by students. also they can conduct more from their own knowledge to create deeper learning
How teachers approach dialects
Do not always expect standard English. Use authentic examples of how complex language can be. Provide times students speak in English.
talk to your students about their responsibilities at home. Work with them to help them succeed. And be there if they need to talk
autism spectrum disorder. changes how a person perceives another.
idk... Identity disorder? students have multiple identities to forget about past bad memories