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Psy 213 final exam Dr. West

Terms in this set (84)

-Stage 1(birth-1yr): trust verses mistrust; warm, responsive, consistent care needed to build trust
-Stage 2(2-3 years): autonomy verses shame & doubt; parents should let their children try out skills at their own pace: overprotection or lack of support could lead to shame and doubt for child
-Stage 3(4-5 yrs): initiative vs guilt; encourage children to feel free to try new activities and to ask questions; children are eager for responsibility now, and their contribution should be valued
-Stage 4(6-11 yrs): industry verses inferiority; children need to learn basic academic skills in school and how to complete assigned tasks; never finishing what is started and criticism can lead to inferiority feelings
-Stage 5(12-18 yrs): identity verses role confusion; primary danger is failing to develop a consistent concept of self; questions such as "Who am I?" & "what will my career be?" are considered; "identity crisis" is term used to represent this kind of struggle to develop an identity; good self-concept and sense of values, internal stability, and positive feedback can help establish one's identity
-Stage 6(young adulthood): intimacy verses isolation; intimacy involves ability to form a deep and respectful relationship; isolation occurs when one cannot establish or tolerate close feelings toward another
-Stage 7(middle adulthood): generativity verses stagnation; generativity: sense of inner competence resulting from success in work, marriage, parenthood, etc.; Stagnation: turning inward resulting from failure in work, marriage, parenthood, etc.
-Stage 8(older adulthood): ego integrity verses despair; results from life-review process; if it brings a sense of wholeness and fulfillment, then one has integrity; if there is a sense that one's life has been wasted and that now is too late to find fulfillment, one has despair