Socially constructed category of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of society consider important.
Any catergory of people distinguished by physical or culture differences that a society sets apart and subordinates.
A person or catergory of people, typically with little power, whom other people unfairly blame for their own troubles.
State in which people of all races and ethnicityies are distinct but have equal social standing.
A major sphere of social life, or societal subsystem, organized to meet human needs.
The social institution that organizes a society's production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
An economic system in which natural resoureces and hte means of producing goods and services are privately.
An economic system in which natural resources and the means of producing goods adn services are collectively owned.
An economic and political system that combines a mostly marke-based economy with extensive social welfare programs.
An economic and political system in which companies are privately owned but cooperate closely with the government.
Routinization of Charisma
The transformation of charismatic authority into some combination of traditional and bureaucratic authority.
An analysis of politics that sees power as spread among many competing interest groups.
Marxist Political-economy Model
an analysis that explains politics in terms of the operation of a society's economic system.
Acts of violence or the threat of violence used as a political stradegy by an individual or a group.
Organized armed conflict among the people of two or more nations, directed by their governments.
The close association of the federal government, the military, and defense industries.
A legal relationship, usually involving economic cooperation as well as sexual activity and childbearing.
A social institution found in all societies that unites people in cooperative groups to care for one another, including any children.
The harlow experiments to discover the effects of social isolation on rhesus monkeys showed that:
Monkeys isolated for sis months were damaged.
The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
In General, we see the ________ as a means to an end; we see the _______ as an end in itself.
Secondary group, Primary group
In the "iron low of oligarchy," Robert Michels stated:
Bureaucracy always means the few rule the many.
The basic idea behind scientific management is:
That management can use scientific principles to make a business more productive.
Men, who represent about half the population, account for about _______ of all arrests for property crime in the United States.
The value of psychological theories of deviance is limited because:
Most people who commit crimes have normal personalities.
Thomas Szasz made the controversial assertion that:
Mental illnes is a myth: " insanity" amounts to differences that bother others.
According to the social-conflic approach, what a society labels as deviant is based primarily upon:
Patterns on inequality and who has more power
A college professor who has advanced degrees, moderate salary, and little power can be described as having:
Low status consistency
Stuctural social mobility refers to:
Change in social position of may people due to changes in society itself.
According to the Davis-Moore thesis:
More important jobs must yield enough rewards to attract the talent necessary to perform them well.
Evidence to date suggests that, as the United States moves into the post-industrial phase of economic development, economic inequality is:
Which of the following factors affect social class standing in the United States?
Intergenerational social mobility
Gender refers to:
The personal traits and social postion that members of a society attach to being female and male.