Music 100 Romantic Era
Terms in this set (62)
What did the romantic period stress?
emotion, imagination, and individuality
When did the romantic period take place?
What do romantic works tend to include?
greater ranges of tone color, dynamics and pitch
What was Chopin's goal?
create a "new world of music"
was expressed when romantic composers deliberately created music with a specific national identity, using the folksongs, dances, legends, and history of their homelands
colorful materials from foreign lands
instrumental music with a story, poem, idea, or scene
nonmusical element is usually specified by a title or by explanatory comments
What does a programmatic instrumental piece represent?
the emotions, characters, and events of a particular story, or it can evoke the sounds and motion of nature
Beethoven had broken precedent by asking for _______ brasses in the Ninth Symphony
What was the favorite instrument of the romantic age?
uses chords containing tones not found in the prevailing major or minor scale
What do chromatic chords do?
add color and motion to romantic music
the slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo
when a melody returns in a later movement or section of a romantic work, its character may be transformed by changes in dynamics, orchestration, or rhythm
private music making ________ during the romantic era
operas and orchestral works were _____________ or ______________ so that they could be played on a piano at home
transcribed or arranged
a composition for solo voice and piano
Who were some of the finest song composers?
Schubert, Schulman, and Brahms
the mood is often set by a brief piano introduction and summed up at the end by a piano section called a ________
romantic art songs are sometimes grouped in a set, unified by a story line that runs through the poems, or by musical ideas linking the songs
Who was the earliest master of the romantic art song?
Schubert wrote how many songs?
more than 600 songs
Who was Schubert's idol?
In Schubert's song Erlkonig, what did the piano's relentless triplet rhythm represent?
At 20, what did Schumann decide to do? And why was this goal impossible?
become a piano virtuoso; developed serious problems with his right hand
Who did Schumann marry?
his piano teachers daughter, Clara, who was way younger than him
In Schumann's first 10 years, what kind of music did her produce?
only piano pieces
When Schumann got married, what kind of music did he start to compose?
art songs, which revealed his gift for melody
Who was the only great composer who wrote almost exclusively for the piano?
Who was Chopin friends with?
painter Delacroix, Liszt, and Berlioz
night piece; slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano
a study piece designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties
a piece in triple meter, originated as a stately processional dance for the Polish nobility
Liszt performed superhuman feats at the _________, overwhelming the European public and impressing musicians
Where did Liszt study music? And who did he meet while there?
Vienna; Schubert and Beethoven
Liszt abandoned his career as a traveling virtuoso to become what?
a conductor; teaching hundreds of gifted pianists free of charge
Along with teaching music, what else did Liszt do?
wrote music criticism
symphonic poem / tone poem
one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on literary or pictorial ideas
At the age of nine, who was a brilliant pianist?
By thirteen, who had written symphonies, concertos, sonatas, and vocal works?
Who do we know because of Mendelssohn? (and visa versa)
has one movement in sonata form, modeled after the opera overture
music to be performed before and during a play that sets the mood for certain scenes
Who did Berlioz fall in love with and write Fantastic Symphony for?
Who won the Prix de Rome?
a single melody used to represent the beloved
What grew in the romantic period?
Who infused his symphonies and chamber music with the spirit of Bohemian folksong and dance?
Dvorak was a little known composer until his works came to the attention of whom?
German composer, Brahms
What did Tchaikovsky do as a composer?
fused Russian folk music and European style
When, where, and what did Johannes Brahms do as a composer?
1833-1897; Hamburg, Germany; led a double life (during the day studied piano, music theory, and composition. during the night played dance music in cafes)
Who did Brahms stay lifelong friends with?
Brahms created masterpieces in all traditional forms expect what?
What kind of music is Verdi known for?
When and where was Giuseppe Verdi born?
1813-1901; most popular of all opera composers in a small town in Italy
What did Puccini use to reinforce the vocal melody and to suggest mood?
How did Puccini achieve unity and continuity?
minimized the difference between aria and recitative and used the same material in different acts
What did Wagner accumulate a lot of?
Wagner wrote his own ___________, which he based on medieval Germanic legends and ___________.
a short musical idea associated with a person, an object, or a thought in the drama
Wagner had no recitatives or arias, just played what?