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Politics of the United States
AP Government Ch. 15 Test Review
Terms in this set (59)
Common law is ________.
The accumulation of judicial decisions about legal issues
Which of the following must confirm all federal judges?
The ________ Act of 1789 established the basic three-tiered structure of the federal court system.
How many justices currently serve on the Supreme Court?
In which of the following cases did the Supreme Court first claim the right of judicial review?
Marbury v. Madison
Presidents have failed ________ percent of the time to appoint the nominees of their choice to the Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court hears cases from state courts only if they involve ________ law.
A writ of ________ is a request submitted to the U.S. Supreme Court to review a lower court decision.
For a case to be heard in the Supreme Court, a minimum of how many justices must vote to hear the case?
What is known as a statement of the legal reasoning behind a decision for a case heart by the Supreme Court?
Who is in charge of the appellate court litigation of the federal government?
The Solicitor General
Which type of case concerns the violation of the legal rights of one individual toward another?
Which of the following is a way that interest groups attempt to influence the Supreme Court's decisions?
Filing amicus curiae briefs
Which type of law is based on the accumulation of judicial decisions about legal issues?
Which of the following represents the federal government in the Supreme Court?
Which of the following nominates U.S. federal judges?
According to the Figure 15.1 Organizations of the Federal Court System, which court hears appeals from the legislative courts?
U.S. Supreme Court
Which of the following is the authority vested in a particular court to hear and decide the issues in a particular case?
What is the name given to the power of the courts to interpret, and overturn, the actions of the executive and legislative branches?
Which of the following brings the case before the court in civil cases?
Federal judges are appointed to ________ terms.
The authority to be the first court to hear a case is which type of jurisdiction?
A(n) ________ brief is submitted by someone who is not a party to the case.
Only a(n) __________ court can review the decisions of a lower court.
What type of standing to sue permits a small number of people to sue on behalf of all other people in similar circumstances?
Which of the following is the ruling in which of the following cases struck down state-mandated segregation in public schools?
Brown v. Board of Education
Which of the following is an opinion written by a justice in the majority that outlines additional considerations he or she thinks are important?
Who attempted to expand the number of Supreme Court justices in 1937?
Proponents of which of the following believe that judges should use their power broadly to further justice?
In which courts are the vast majority of all cases tried?
In which federal courts are trials conducted?
In 1987, the Senate refused to confirm the nomination of which of the following to the Supreme Court?
Justices on the Supreme Court provide a statement of the legal reasoning behind their decisions in written ________.
How and whether judicial decisions are translated into actual policy is known as which of the following?
Which Court was one of the most active in shaping public policy in the twentieth century?
Which of the following must plaintiffs have in order to sustain a lawsuit in court?
What are the two types of jurisdiction courts can have?
Original and Appellate
Which of the following is within the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
Controversies between the States
Which chief justice established the power of judicial review?
According to Marbury v. Madison, which clause implies the power of judicial review?
At President Roosevelt's urging, Congress passed dozens of laws designed to end the Depression. Why did the Supreme Court begin to dismantle New Deal policies?
Federal intervention in the economy was interpreted as unconstitutional
The Court of Military Appeals is an example of which type of court?
Where is the entry point for most litigation in the federal courts?
U.S. District Court
How many district courts are in the federal system?
In court rulings, reliance on past decisions to formulate decisions in new cases is known as which of the following?
In a process known as ________, presidents generally allow senators from the state in which a judicial vacancy occurs to block the nomination.
As of 2012, how many African Americans have served on the U.S. Supreme Court?
Which of the following has the most control over the cases it hears?
U.S. Supreme Court
When the U.S. Supreme Court agrees to hear a case appealed to it from a circuit court, it is exercising its ________ jurisdiction?
According to what principle should a court not overturn precedent unless it is absolutely necessary?
What type of law governs relationships between individuals and defines their legal rights?
How might a presidential nominee have trouble being confirmed?
When a president's party affiliation is a minority in the Senate
All federal judicial nominations are first referred to which of the following for a hearing?
Senate Judiciary Committee
If a judge believes that she should only strike down laws that clearly violate the Constitution, she likely believes in which of the following?
The conference of the U.S. Supreme Court is ________.
Limited to the Justices themselves
Which would provide the government's opinion on whether to accept a case?
The Solicitor General
Which of the following limits judicial power?
A court that hears and weighs evidence in order to reach the first decision in a civil or criminal case is a court of ________ jurisdiction.
Which Justice appeared to play politics by timing retirement in 2009 so that Barack Obama rather than George W. Bush would name a new justice?
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