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35 terms

Respiratory System Diseases & Conditions

Orderly Function of the Respiratory System
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(394)Common Cold/Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
an acute inflammatory process that affects the mucous membrane that lines the upper respiratory tract.
(395)Sinusitis
an acute or chronic inflammation of the mucous membranes of the paranasal sinuses.
(397)Pharyngitis
an acute or chronic inflammation or infection of the pharynx.
(398)Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
tumors arise in the area of the pharynx that opens into the nasal cavity anteriorly & the oropharynx inferiorly. Unique, not strongly linked to tobacco use, instead to dietary intake or Epstein-Barr virus infection..
(399)Laryngitis
Inflammation of the larynx, including the vocal cords, is called laryngitis.
(400)Deviated Septum
a crooked nasal septum (the cartilage partition between the nostrils).
(400)Nasal Polyps
are benign growths that form as a consequence of distended mucous membranes protruding into the nasal cavity.
(401)Anosmia
the impairment or loss of the sense of smell.
(402)Epistaxis (Nosebleed)
hemorrhage from the nose.
(403)Tumors of the Larynx
Growths or tumors on the larynx may be either benign or malignant.
(404)Laryngeal Cancer
describes a neoplasm of the larynx, the part of the respiratory tract between the pharynx & the trachea that houses the vocal cords.
(405)Hemoptysis
the coughing or spitting up of blood from the respiratory tract.
(406)Atelectasis
an airless or collapsed state of the pulmonary tissue.
(408)Pulmonary Embolism
occurs when a blood clot or other material (ex. foreign body, or tumor) lodges in & occludes an artery in the pulmonary circulation.
(410)Pneumonia
an infective inflammation of the lungs.
(412)Pulmonary Abscess
an area of contained infectious material in the lung is known as a pulmonary abscess.
(413)Legionellosis (Legionnaires' Disease & Pontiac Fever
Legionnaires' is a more severe pneumonia caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila. Pontiac Fever is milder form. Named after an outbread at an Amer. Legion Convention in PA, 1976
(414)Respiratory Syncytial Virus Pneumonia
(RSV) pneumonia, an inflammatory & infectious condition of the lungs, is most common in infants, young children, & the elderly.
(415)Histoplasmosis
a fungal disease originating in the lungs that is caused by inhalation of dust containing Histoplasma Capsulatum.
(415)Influenza
a generalized, highly contagious, acute viral disease that occurs in annual outbreaks.
(418)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
(COPD) encompasses several obstructive diseases of the lungs, including chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis, asthma, emphysema, cystic fibrosis, pneumoconiosis.
(418)Acute & Chronic Bronchitis
an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining of the bronchi.
(419)Bronchiectasis
the permanent, irreversible dilation or distortion of one or more of the bronchi, resulting from destruction of muscular & elastic portions of the bronchial walls.
(420)Asthma
wheezing, productive cough, and difficulty breathing. There are many common asthma triggers the causes can be intrinsic or extrinsic.
(421)Pulmonary Emphysema
a chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder characterized by destructive changes in the alveolar walls & irreversible enlargement of alveolar air spaces.
(422)Pneumoconiosis
any disease of the lung caused by long-term dust inhalation. Is considered an occupational disease. (ex. Asbestosis, Anthracosis, Silicosis)
(424)Pleurisy (Pleuritis)
an inflammation of the membranes surrounding the lungs & lining the pleural cavity.
(424)Pneumothorax
a collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity that results in a collapsed or partially collapsed lung.
(425)Hemothorax
the accumulation of blood & fluid in the pleural cavity.
(426)Flail Chest
a condition of instability in the chest wall caused by multiple rib fractures; the sternum also may be fractured.
(427)Pulmonary Tuberculosis
a chronic, acute, or sub-acute infection of the lungs by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis.
(428)Infectious Mononucleosis:Epstein-Barr Virus Infection
(aka Glandular Fever) an acute herpesvirus infection.
(429)Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome
(ARDS) is severe pulmonary congestion characterized by acute respiratory distress & hypoxemia.
(430)Sarcoidosis
a multisystem granulomatous (small lesions of inflamed cells) disorder most commonly detected in the lungs.
(431)Lung Cancer
the most common cause of cancer death worldwide for both men & women, accounting for almost 30% of all cancer deaths.